2016. 11 p.
Pettifor, Audrey
Macphail, Catherine
Hughes, James P.
Selin, Amanda
Jing, Wang
Gómez-Olivé, F. Xavier
Eshleman, Susan H.
Wagner, Ryan G.
Mabuza, Wonderful
Khoza, Nomhle
Suchindran, Chirayath
Mokoena, Immitrude
Twine, Rhian
Andrew, Philip
Townley, Ellen
Laeyendecker, Oliver
Agyei, Yaw
Tollman, Stephen
Kahn, Kathleen
Periodical title: 
Lancet Global Health, 4, e978-e988
Cash transfers have been proposed as an intervention to reduce HIV-infection risk for young women in sub-Saharan Africa. However, scarce evidence is available about their effect on reducing HIV acquisition. The authors aimed to assess the effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence among young women in rural South Africa. Based on their research findings, the authors draw the conclusion that cash transfers conditional on school attendance did not reduce HIV incidence in young women. School attendance significantly reduced risk of HIV acquisition, irrespective of study group. Keeping girls in school is important to reduce their HIV-infection risk.
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