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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Another lost generation? The impact of HIV/AIDS on schooling in South Africa

    The South African education system is faced with the difficult task of redressing the inequalities and backlogs created by the racially segregated and unequally resourced apartheid structure. The system is also faced with the responsibility of reintroducing a culture of teaching and learning in the nation’s schools after the anti-apartheid struggle’s ‘freedom now, education later!’ slogan, a time when protest action brought about disruptions in young people’s education, and the much lamented ‘lost generation’. …

  2. Educating women about HIV/AIDS: some international comparisons

    This paper describes current trends in the HIV/AIDS epidemic. It looks at issues and strategies involved in educating women about HIV/AIDS in the context of the global pandemic, focusing particularly on Canada and Vietnam. These strategies are essential steps in preventing the spread of HIV and in caring for those who have already developed AIDS. …

  3. A possible role of stigma and fears in HIV infection

    Fear/Stigma associated with HIV/AIDS continues to avert responses to the epidemic. Data (obtained in Tshwane metropolis) were used to test stigma/fear dimensions of an instrument. Factor analysis identified five foci of fear and stigma. There were significant differences on the factor scale measuring fear of sex, with females and younger respondents having significantly greater fear. Results were interpreted within a cultural context that realises that decreasing AIDS stigma is a vital step in stemming the pandemic.

  4. HIV prevention in Mexican schools: prospective randomised evaluation of intervention

    Objective: To assess effects on condom use and other sexual behaviour of an HIV prevention programme at school that promotes the use of condoms with and without emergency contraception. […] Intervention: Schools were randomised to one of three arms: an HIV prevention course that promoted condom use, the same course with emergency contraception as back-up, or the existing sex education course. Self administered anonymous questionnaires were completed at baseline, four months, and 16 months. …

  5. Insight into the management and diffusion strategies of HIV/AIDS information in institutions of higher education in South Africa

    The study focuses on the management and diffusion of HIV/AIDS information in institutions of higher learning in South Africa. The HIV/AIDS policy for educators, learners and students provided a strong foundation on government involvement on HIV/AIDS management in higher education. Both qualitative and quantitative research design and methodologies were employed largely through survey, observation and document analysis. …

  6. #WhatWomenWant: a transformative framework for women, girls and gender equality in the context of HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights

    The report is based on six months of consultations with adolescent girls and young women around the world. It calls for sustained investment in women-led partnerships and civil society in order to advance gender equality and meet the ambitious targets set in the Sustainable Development Goals.

  7. Sénégal : résumé du programme. Le Groupe pour l’Étude et l’Enseignement de la Population (GEEP) : une expérience sur la prévention du VIH/SIDA en milieu scolaire

    Au Sénégal, comme dans la plupart des sociétés Africaines, la sexualité a pendant longtemps été perçue comme un sujet tabou, pour des raisons d’ordre religieux et social ; elle n’était donc abordée ni en famille, ni à l’école car les adultes (parents ou enseignants) n’étaient nullement préparés à parler avec les jeunes des questions relatives à la Santé de Reproduction des adolescents et adolescentes.

  8. Recommended HIV/AIDS strategies for Hong Kong (2017-2021)

    The objectives laid down in the Strategies are in line with the 90-90- 90 treatment targets together with the 90% coverage of HIV combination prevention services set by the UNAIDS. ACA recommends nine targets to be achieved by 2020, in the areas of HIV prevention, testing, diagnosis, and treatment. Two primary target populations are specified: MSM and people living with HIV; and four other key populations are identified: people who inject drugs, ethnic minorities, male-to-female transgender and female sex workers and their male clients. …

  9. National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS Myanmar 2016-2020

    The Republic of the Union of Myanmar’s National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS 2016– 2020 is the strategic guide for the country’s response to HIV at national, state/regional and local levels. The framework describes the current dynamics of the HIV epidemic and articulates a strategy to optimize investments through a fast track approach with the vision of ending HIV as a public health threat by 2030. …

  10. Learners’ perspectives on the provision of condoms in South African public schools

    A stubborn health challenge for learners in South African public schools concerns sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). In 2015, the Department of Basic Education (DBE) proposed the provision of condoms and SRHR-services to learners in schools. This study aimed to contribute to the finalisation and implementation of DBE’s policy by exploring learners’ perspectives on the provision of condoms and SRHR-services in schools. …

  11. The Health of educators in public schools in South Africa

    The provision of good quality education in public sector schools in South Africa is intrinsically linked to the health, wellbeing and productivity of educators employed in this sector. …

  12. Lessons from implementing HIV and school health initiatives: exploring gaps and opportunities for gender-responsive programming in education. Symposium report 2017

    On 10 and 11 May 2017, the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education and School Health, together with UNESCO as IATT secretariat, hosted a symposium entitled, Lessons from implementing HIV and school health initiatives: exploring gaps and opportunities for gender responsive programming in education’, in Lusaka, Zambia. …

  13. Experimental evaluation of school-based HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa

    School-based adolescent health education programs represent a durable strategy in reducing the spread of HIV because they can leverage pre-existing social and organizational structures to reach large fractions of students at critical life stages. Many evaluations of school-based HIV programs draw on multilevel study designs that assign schools to treatment conditions or assign students to treatment conditions within blocks defined by school membership. …

  14. All in to end the adolescent AIDS epidemic: a progress report

    UNICEF and UNAIDS launched the ALL IN platform in February 2015 to galvanize global action towards HIV and a population that were largely neglected in the global AIDS response – adolescents. The ALL IN initiative, with a focus on 25 lead countries that contribute to 86 per cent of all new HIV infections in adolescents, seeks to bring adolescents into focus in fast-track efforts to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, and provides three targets for the year 2020 to frame this acceleration agenda: 1. Reduce new HIV infections among adolescents by at least 75 per cent; 2. …

  15. AIDS at 35: a midlife crisis

    AIDS was first publicly reported on 5 June 1981 in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) of the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Doctors in New York and San Francisco were seeing clusters of previously extremely rare diseases such as Pneumocystis carinii, and Kaposi’s sarcoma. These infections manifested in exceptionally serious forms, initially, within a narrowly defined risk group — young, homosexual men, and led to death within a short period. …

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