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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National strategic framework on HIV/AIDS for Afghanistan - II 2011-2015

    The NSF-II is elaborated in continuity of the Afghanistan National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework-I goal to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for at-risk and vulnerable populations and people living with HIV. …

  2. Mobility, migration and HIV vulnerability of populations along the ports of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden: Situation and response analysis

    The relationship between HIV and mobility is widely recognized. While mobility and migration are not risk factors for HIV by themselves, the often harsh, unsafe and isolated conditions surrounding the mobility process can give rise to behaviours strongly associated with increased vulnerability to HIV, while also posing barriers to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. …

  3. Evaluation of a Prevention Intervention to Reduce HIV Risk among Angolan Soldiers

    We developed and evaluated a military-focused HIV prevention intervention to enhance HIV riskreduction knowledge, motivation, and behaviors among Angolan soldiers. Twelve bases were randomly assigned to HIV prevention or control conditions, yielding 568 participants. HIV prevention participants received training in preventing HIV (4.5 days) and malaria (0.5 days). Control participants received the reverse. Monthly booster sessions were available after each intervention. We assessed participants at baseline, three and six months after the training. …

  4. Influence of educational status and other variables on human immunodeficiency virus risk perception among military personnel: a large cohort finding

    HIV risk perception is a determinant of HIV transmission. This prospective cohort followed 2,213 Nigerian military personnel to assess the association between higher educational attainment and increased HIV risk perception. Multivariable regression revealed that there was an inverse correlation between increasing educational level and HIV risk perception (POR, 0.70, 95% CI=0.56-0.88). There was also a correlation between alcohol and marijuana use and HIV risk perception (p 0.05). There waws no association between casual sex and gender and HIV risk perception. …

  5. Swaziland behavioural surveillance survey (BSS)

    The objectives of the BSS Round One in Swaziland were to: Help establish a monitoring system that will track behavioral trend data for high-risk and vulnerable target groups in Swaziland; Provide information on behavioral trends of key target groups in some catchment areas where HIV sentinel sero-surveillance is done; Provide information that will increase understanding of HIV prevalence trends over time; Provide information to guide the planning, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS/STI interventions; Provide evidence of the relative success of HIV prevention efforts  …

  6. The Conflict and HIV/AIDS Nexus: An Empirical Assessment

    Within this report, we outline what is generally known about HIV/AIDS and the influence of conflict on the disease. We then discuss the first systematic effort to explore the relationship as well as some limitations with this analysis, prompting the current investigation. Following this, we present our general argument, the data and the research design that we use to explore it. In the next section, we discuss our empirical findings from the global and Rwandan analyses. What do we find? …

  7. HIV/AIDS in post conflict Sudan: vision, strategies, challenges and plan of action

    The document provides links to different information which describe the magnitude of problems related to HIV/AIDS. It recognises the inadequacy of the national response and the challenges that emerged in the conflict period which need to be seriously considered during the post conflict period.

  8. Young men and HIV: culture, poverty and sexual risk

    This report from Panos Institute explains the critical role that young men play in the global AIDS pandemic. It highlights how they have been largely ignored in HIV interventions and explains how this could have devastating results in the long term. It is a resource for policy-makers, the media and service providers.

  9. HIV subverts national security

    Foreword. The AIDS epidemic is perhaps the most destructive force on the planet today. It has already caused more casualties than all of the armed conflicts in recent decades. It infects and affects families, communities, and organizations in every region of the world. Governments and their militaries are not impervious to its devastation as the HIV epidemic subverts their national security. The majority of the AIDS fatalities are among young adults who are the most productive members of a society; those remaining are often children and the elderly. …

  10. The HIV/AIDS/STD situation and the national response in the Kingdom of Cambodia: country profile

    The UNAIDS Cambodia Country Profile aims to present a comprehensive overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia and the status of the response to the epidemic.

  11. HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control: An Experience of the Royal Thai Army in Thailand

    The report argues that the lessons learnt from the Royal Thai Army's experience in HIV/AIDS prevention and impact alleviation can be used as a basis for further development towards more effective and efficient models. It can also be a useful example for other agencies in Thailand and other countries with similar problems and similar socio-cultural backgrounds to apply and adapt for their own use. …

  12. AIDS and the military

    Military personnel are at high risk of exposure to STIs, including HIV. In peacetime, infection rates among armed forces are generally 2 to 5 higher than in the civilian population. In times of conflict and war, this difference can be even greater. One of the leading factors accounting for high rates of infection is related to the posting of personnel far from their families and communities. HIV/AIDS is a threat not only to military personnel but also to their spouses. Military HIV/AIDS programmes are most effective if they are designed and operated in close collaboration with civilian health authorities.

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