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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National behaviour change communication guidelines on HIV and AIDS interventions

    The Behaviour Change Communication Guideline has been developed to guide HIV and AIDS stakeholders in addressing behavior change in line with National Multisectoral Strategy Framework (NMSF 2008-2012). This guide builds on achievements made to date in addressing adoption of best behaviours among the public. It provides guidance to various stakeholders regarding the approaches, interventions and activities that will be undertaken to address HIV and AIDS. …

  2. Sexual health media resource pack

    The Sexual Health Strategy identifies the media as a means to communicate on sexual health in an effective and responsible way. Evidence shows that the media is a useful means to provide information to the general public. The type of media used will depend on the identified target audience. Unbalanced or inaccurate media messages can lead to pressures and confusion over the realities of sex and sexuality particularly for young people. Hence we cannot stop emphasizing the need and importance of the media to be trained on where to seek reliable sources of information and advice. …

  3. Targeting HIV prevention messaging to a new generation of gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men

    HIV prevention messaging has been shown to reduce or delay high-risk sexual behaviors in young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Since the onset of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, a new generation of YMSM has come of age during an evolution in communication modalities. Because both these communication technologies and this new generation remain understudied, the authors investigated the manner in which YMSM interact with HIV prevention messaging. …

  4. Summary of the National behavioural change strategy for preventing sexual transmission of HIV

    In Zimbabwe HIV is mostly transmitted through sexual contact. It is estimated that around 4 in 5 HIV infections in Zimbabwe are due to sexual transmission. HIV is now also found in all groups of people in the population, implying that all sexually active people are at risk of contracting HIV. Hence, promoting safe sexual behaviours has to be at the heart of HIV prevention in all communities of Zimbabwe. This strategy offers guidance on what actions can be taken to promote and sustain safe sexual behaviours.

  5. Kenya national HIV and AIDS communication strategy for youth, 2007

    This Communication Strategy provides a broad framework that will guide communication on youth and HIV and AIDS in Kenya for the next three years. It intends to address needs and gaps in communication programming identified in the areas of knowledge, skills and self-efficacy, capacity, coordination, policy support and utilisation of services. These issues were identified through a situation analysis conducted at the beginning of developing this strategy, and from consultations with stakeholders implementing HIV and AIDS programmes among the youth.

  6. Approaches to gender and sexuality: responding to HIV. Report of the findings of a survey amongst Alliance linking organisations

    Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic. Issues vary across communities and countries, but power imbalances, harmful social norms, violence and marginalisation affect women, men, girls, boys and transgender people across the world, limiting their ability to prevent HIV infection. There are a growing number of HIV and broader health initiatives that not only highlight gender issues, but also aim to change harmful norms and practices. These are called "gender-transformative" approaches. …

  7. National Behaviour Change Interventions Strategy for HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health

    This document is prepared as a national guideline for planning behaviour change interventions and activities on HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health [SRH] for the period 2001-2004. The National BCI Strategy is a planning tool, to guide ministries, district planners, NGOs, CBOs, DACCs, learning institutions, faith institutions and employers on effective HIV/AIDS and SRH behaviour change programs. The strategy is also intended to guide donors on areas of support and interventions that require national resources. The BCI Strategy has identified six key social groups for BC interventions. …

  8. The second Botswana national strategic framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2016

    The purpose of this document is to outline the national priorities for the national response to HIV and AIDS for the period 2010 to 2016. These priorities are based on the evidence accumulated locally and are augmented by international best practices. The overall philosophy behind the Second National Strategic Framework is one of prioritization, focus, and intensification. The overall Goal of the national response is the Prevention of New HIV Infection by 2016 and efforts in each of these priority areas are critical to achieving it. …

  9. Addressing the needs of young adolescents

    Worldwide, nearly 10 percent of people are ages 10 to 14, and in developing countries, the percentage is often higher (e.g., Uganda, 16 percent).1 Early adolescence marks a critical time of physical, developmental, and social changes. Interventions during early adolescence may be more effective in shaping healthy attitudes and behaviors than in late adolescence, when attitudes and behaviors are more established. Young adolescents are also more likely to still be in school and less likely to have begun sexual activity.

  10. Information and communications technology : Web sites, CD-ROMs, and on-line educational projects hold promise for youth

    Technology resources increasingly link professionals working with reproductive health and HIV prevention programmes in developing countries. These same resources -- e-mail, CD-ROMs, listservs, the Internet, radio, and television -- hold great promise for reaching youth as well.

  11. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, China, People's Republic of

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of the People's Republic of China's adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

  12. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Maldives

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of Maldives' adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

  13. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, India

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of India's adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

  14. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Vietnam

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of Viet Nam's adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

  15. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Nepal

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of Nepal's adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

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