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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescents under the radar in the Asia-Pacific AIDS response

    This report is the result of a collaborative effort between members of the Asia Pacific Inter-Agency Task Team on Young Key Populations and UNICEF. It highlights the HIV crisis for vulnerable adolescents in Asia and the Pacific and what we can do to give them the support they desperately need. If we fail to do this, the world will not get to where it wants to be: ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

  2. Good practices on HIV/AIDS and sexual reproductive health from higher education institutions in Ethiopia

    Criteria for Evaluation of Good Practices Submitted from Member Higher Education Institutions; 1. Innovativeness (It could be something initiated by HEI as original or existing program with contextualized modification of key focus areas of interventions stipulated in the forum’s policy and strategy framework or education sector response policy against the epidemic); 2. Explicability or adaptability (have the potential to serve as a model for generating initiatives in the other HEIs); 3. …

  3. Behaviour change communication strategies for preventing adolescent pregnancy sourcebook

    More than ever, adolescents need help, guidance, and empowerment. This is the main purpose for which the Department of Health invested in the project: “Development of Behavior Change Communication (BCC) Strategy for Adolescent Pregnancy.” This initiative essentially aims to contribute to the promotion of positive and healthy behaviors that enable adolescents to avoid too early and unintended pregnancy. This initiative is an integral part of the Adolescent and Youth Health and Development (AYHD) Program of the Department of Health. …

  4. Situational analysis of young people at high risk of HIV exposure in Thailand: Synthesis report

    The main goals of this project are to review the situation of young key affected populations (YKAP) HIV risk behaviours in Thailand, review the present policy and programmatic response for YKAP, identify gaps and promising practices for YKAP, and determine strategic future policy and programming interventions for YKAP. …

  5. Rwandan young people's perceptions on sexuality and relationships: Results from a qualitative study using the ‘mailbox technique’

    This study aimed to gain more insight into young Rwandans' perceptions on sex and relationships, which is essential for formulating effective sexual and reproductive health (SRH) promotion interventions. Using a 'mailbox technique', this paper studies the spontaneous thoughts of Rwandan young people on sexuality. Mailboxes were installed in five secondary schools in the Bugesera district and students were invited to write about their ideas, secrets, wishes, desires and fears on sexuality and relationships. Of the 186 letters collected, 154 addressed SRH topics. …

  6. Lessons learned from a review of interventions for adolescent and young key populations in Asia Pacific and opportunities for programming

    BACKGROUND: Over a third of new HIV infections globally are among 15-24 year-olds and over 20% among adolescents aged 10-19 years in Asia Pacific. The review was initiated to identify interventions in the region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP) looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery. The review is a component of a more comprehensive review undertaken by UNICEF and partners in the region. METHODS:This was a desk review of over 1000 articles, and 37 were selected. …

  7. Population size estimation of key populations

    This population size estimation (PSE) was undertaken in order to inform HIV prevention programming for key populations in the fight against HIV in Sierra Leone. This PSE focused on female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM) and people who inject drugs (PWID) because these groups are typically the first and hardest affected by HIV, and addressing their needs to prevent HIV can prevent or diminish the effect of HIV/AIDS on the general population. …

  8. Evaluation of HIV/AIDS prevention through peer education, counselling, health care, training and urban refuges in Ghana

    Since 1996, Ireland Aid has supported UNICEF Ghana in the implementation of five activities that promote behaviour change to limit the spread of HIV/AIDS and STIs. The interventions are run by different local organisations, and have provided over 75,000 in and out-of-school youth and commercial sex workers with preventive education. People retained the information given, are knowledgeable about how HIV is transmitted, and can name key preventive methods. They pass on the information to their friends. Commercial sex workers were empowered to support one another in negotiating for safer sex. …

  9. Addressing sexual health and HIV in school. Four initiatives from sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

    This publication describes three German-supported initiatives in Africa (specifically in Guinea, Mozambique and Tanzania) and one in Latin America (a six-country regional initiative). All integrate sexual health and HIV prevention within school systems. The three African initiatives operate within generalized epidemics driven largely by unprotected sex between men and women. In Latin America general prevalence in the countries described here is well below one percent, and much less among young people. …

  10. Priority interventions to reduce HIV transmission in sex work settings in sub-Saharan Africa and delivery of these services

    Introduction: Virtually no African country provides HIV prevention services in sex work settings with an adequate scale and intensity. Uncertainty remains about the optimal set of interventions and mode of delivery. Methods: We systematically reviewed studies reporting interventions for reducing HIV transmission among female sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa between January 2000 and July 2011. Medline (PubMed) and non-indexed journals were searched for studies with quantitative study outcomes. Results: We located 26 studies, including seven randomized trials. …

  11. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2013-2018

    Three overarching goals form the basis of the National Strategic Plan 2013-2018. These are: To reduce the incidence of HIV infections in Trinidad and Tobago; To mitigate the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on persons living with HIV and affected by HIV and AIDS in Trinidad and Tobago; To reduce HIV and AIDS related discrimination in Trinidad and Tobago.

  12. National HIV prevention strategy 2011-2015

    In line with the National Strategic Plan on HIV 2011-2015, the goal of the Prevention Strategy is to: Provide strategic guidance for implementing the HIV prevention and behaviour change programmes and to increase the effectiveness, coordination and comprehensiveness of HIV prevention and behaviour change interventions in Sierra Leone by 2015. The key objectives of the Strategy are to: i. Reduce the sexual transmission of HIV; ii. Increase the number of people accessing HCT services; iii. …

  13. HIV prevention on the U.S.-Mexico border: addressing the needs of most-at-risk populations

    Situated on major drug trafficking routes that bring heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine from Mexico into the United States, Tijuana and Juarez experience high rates of local drug use and rank first and second, respectively, in prevalence of illicit drug use within the country. Sex tourism is another feature shared by Tijuana and Juarez. Both cities have 'tolerance zones' where sex work is openly practiced and, in the case of Tijuana, even regulated by the authorities

  14. Barbados national HIV prevention plan

    The revised HIV Prevention Plan builds on the existing World Bank's submission of the Draft Prevention Plan of Action (November 28, 2008) and seeks to integrate programme components that are strategically relevant, based on discussions with stakeholders and review of the existing core documents. Following the World Bank Mission of June 22-26, 2009, the prevention planning process continued with the goal of producing a blueprint for a comprehensive response to HIV (for the period 2008-2013) with a focus on priority populations that practice risky behaviours. …

  15. Behavior Change Communication Strategy for HIV Prevention in the Maldives: the Global Fund Supported Programme in the Maldives

    This BCC strategy has been developed based on comprehensive audience research, and it follows on and is linked to two companion documents: The 2008 Biological and Behavioral Survey on HIV and AIDS in the Republic of Maldives, and Konme Kamevves Vedhaane - a Comprehensive Audience Analysis for HIV Risk in the Maldives, August, 2009. These two studies were conducted by the Global Fund Supported Team in the Maldives, in collaboration with its partners, the CCHDC (then DPH), DDPRS (then NNCB), SHE and NGO Journey. …

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