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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Experimental evaluation of school-based HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa

    School-based adolescent health education programs represent a durable strategy in reducing the spread of HIV because they can leverage pre-existing social and organizational structures to reach large fractions of students at critical life stages. Many evaluations of school-based HIV programs draw on multilevel study designs that assign schools to treatment conditions or assign students to treatment conditions within blocks defined by school membership. …

  2. Standards for sexuality education in Europe: guidance for implementation

    The Guidance for the Implementation of the Standards for Sexuality Education in Europe outlines the process for developing a national school-based sexuality education programme and provides step-by-step guidance on how to introduce new or improve existing sexuality education programmes. The Guidance is designed to build on a curriculum framework as a model that maps out the process of developing a sexuality education programme using this framework. This model should be adapted to reflect national differences in the education sector. …

  3. An Orientation Workshop on International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education

    Considering the importance of CSE, the updated school curriculum has introduced it from basic education to high school education. Different universities also included CSE components in their programmes especially in faculty of education. The inclusion of CSE in curriculum is not sufficient to implement in the grass root level. It is equally important to aware the policy makers, supporting agencies and implementers for the effective implementation of the programme. …

  4. Content standards and performance indicators: health (grades 1-8)

    This document provides content standards and performance indicators for grades 1-8 in following subjects: 1. Personal health and fitness; 2. Emotional and mental health; 3. Substance use, abuse and prevention; 4. Nutrition; 5. Safety and first aid; 6. Prevention and control of diseases. It includes expectation benchmarks and sample performance indicators and names relevant teaching resources.

  5. Living. Skills for life: Botswana's Window of Hope. Usage guidelines: Junior and senior secondary

    'Guidelines for Using Living: Skills for Life, Botswana’s Window of Hope', has been designed to help teachers use the Living materials in the classroom. They are in response to comments from teachers regarding the lack of clarity on (1) how to use the materials ‘as is’ and (2) how to use them to infuse life skills and HIV and AIDS topics in different subjects. Specifically, these guidelines seek to address two objectives. To help teachers to: 1. Use materials ‘as is’ and through infusion to build life skills; 2. …

  6. Living. Skills for life: Botswana's Window of Hope. Primary [Usage guidelines]

    'Guidelines for using Living: Skills for Life, Botswana’s Window of Hope', has been designed to help teachers use the Living materials in the classroom. They are in response to comments from teachers regarding the lack of clarity on (1) how to use the materials ‘as is’ and (2) how to use them to infuse life skills and HIV and AIDS topics in different subjects. Specifically, these guidelines seek to address two objectives. To help teachers to: 1. Use materials ‘as is’ and through infusion to build life skills; 2. …

  7. Sexuality education. Policy brief No. 1

    This policy brief provides an overview of key issues in sexuality education. It focuses primarily on sexuality education in Europe and Central Asia but is also relevant to countries outside of these regions.

  8. Everyone's right to know: delivering comprehensive sexuality education for all young people

    This report is intended to inform advocates and decision makers about how to support the sexual reproductive rights of young people around the world. It argues that comprehensive sexuality education is critical for young people to realize their rights. This report recommends that high quality comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) should be delivered to all young people, both inside and outside schools. …

  9. Inside and out: a comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) assessment tool

    The purpose of the Inside and Out assessment tool is: To review and assess the comprehensiveness and quality of sexuality education programmes both inside and outside school setting (especially programmes run by civil society) based on international evidence and standards of good practice; To generate data that can inform and guide the development, improvement or reform of sexuality education programmes; To assess the relevance of sexuality education programmes in relation to national health, demographic and other social criteria (notably gender); To inform debate and advocacy by generating da …

  10. Impact and cost-effectiveness analysis of the national school-based sexuality education programme in Estonia

    Policy-makers making decisions on the implementation of school-based sexuality education (SE) programmes face two important questions: (1) what are the costs of implementing and scaling up SE programmes, and (2) what are the impacts? This paper responds to these questions by retrospectively assessing costs, impact and cost-effectiveness of the national school-based SE programme in Estonia 1997–2009. The three-year curriculum had been taught to 190,000 students at the end of 2009. The cost of reaching one student was USD 32.90 and the total costs were USD 5.6 million. …

  11. School-based sexuality education in Portugal: strengths and weaknesses

    Portugal, like many other countries, faces obstacles regarding schoolbased sexuality education. This paper explores Portuguese schools’ approaches to implementing sexuality education at a local level, and provides a critical analysis of potential strengths and weaknesses. Documents related to sexuality education in a convenience sample of 89 schools were analysed and findings confirm both the results of the few existing Portuguese studies on the subject and commonalities in sexuality education between Portugal and other European countries. …

  12. Risk information, risk salience, and adolescent sexual behavior: experimental evidence from Cameroon

    Results from a randomized experiment conducted with teenage schoolgirls in Cameroon suggest that HIV prevention interventions can be effective at reducing the incidence of teen pregnancy in the following 9-12 months by over 25 percent.

  13. Opportunities for technology-based HIV prevention programming among high school students in Cape Town, South Africa

    One in three new cases of HIV in South Africa is among adolescents. Given that adolescents are particularly affected, scalable, and cost-effective prevention programs are urgently needed. This study aims to identify opportunities to integrate technology into youth HIV prevention efforts. In 2012, 1107 8th–11th graders completed a paper-and-pencil survey. Respondents were enrolled in one of three public high schools in Langa, a lower income community in Cape Town, South Africa. Eighty-nine percent of respondents have used text messaging (SMS) and 86% have gone online. …

  14. Sex and relationships education fit for the 21st century: We need it now

    Evidence shows that good quality Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) helps young people develop and manage their emotional and physical well-being. While they can find out about sex and relationships in many ways – including from friends, TV programmes, magazines and the Internet – school SRE has an important role in presenting balanced, factually accurate and positive information that these other sources may not always provide.

  15. Comprehensive sexuality education: the challenges and opportunities of scaling-up

    This publication is part of an ongoing programme of work initiated by UNESCO in 2008 to provide technical guidance and implementation support for sexuality education programmes, as a platform for HIV prevention, treatment and care. It emphasizes the challenges and opportunities for scaling up comprehensive sexuality education in school settings. Building on indepth interviews with key informants involved in past and ongoing work on sexuality education, this publication provides conceptual and practical guidance on definitions and strategies for scaling-up. …

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