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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Status report adolescents and young people in sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and challenges

    Nearly half of the world's population, some 3 billion people, is under the age of 25. As the largest generation ever of young people, investments in their health and well-being are crucial so they can make a positive transition into adulthood and fully contribute to the economic and social development of their families, communities and nations. But in order to develop strategies and mobilize financial resources to support adolescent and youth development, decisionmakers need reliable, up-to-date demographic, health, education and socioeconomic data about young people. …

  2. Tackling violence in school: A global perspective. Bridging the gap between standards and practice

    On any given day, more than one billion children around the world attend school. Many of these children enjoy their right to be taught in a safe and stimulating environment. For many others, however, schooling does not guarantee such opportunity. These girls and boys are exposed to bullying, sexual and gender-based violence, corporal punishment and other forms of violence with or without the approval of education authorities. Many are also exposed to schoolyard fighting, gang violence, assault with weapons, and sexual and gender-based violence by their own peers. …

  3. Girls Speak: A New Voice in Global Development

    Girls Speak: A New Voice in Global Development is part of a series of reports on investing in adolescent girls in the developing world. This report examines qualitative data on what girls say about their aspirations across different settings and contexts. From a girl's perspective, policies and programs need to address the harmful social norms that constrain her role and opportunities in society, and provide a greater vision for her life. In their own words, girls are saying that the context and environment that shapes their lives - how they live and what they aspire to - must be addressed. …

  4. Trabalhando com Mulheres e Aids: cartilha de orientação para multiplicadores

    Produzida no âmbito do projeto Reprodução de Vídeos Educativos/Informativos (Projeto 914/BRA/59 - Unesco), com o apoio do departamento de DST, Aids e hepatites Virais do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil, a cartilha, destinada especialmente aos profissionais da saúde e da assistêncai social, tem como objetivo apoiar as atividades de prevenção de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis e Aids junto a mulheres, jovens e adolescentes atendidas pelos serviços de saúde e de assistência social, bem como a difusão das informações sovre sua saúde e seus direitos sexuais e reprodutivos, pilares da cidadania das …

  5. Can economic empowerment reduce vulnerability of girls and young women to HIV? Emerging insights

    Girls and young women are disproportionately affected by both poverty and HIV. Donors, policymakers, researchers and program implementers are exploring economic empowerment programs as a strategy to improve the health and economic status of girls and young women. But the linkages between economic status and HIV status are complex, and the role that economic approaches play in preventing HIV infection and mitigating its impact is unproven. …

  6. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  7. Economic Inequality and HIV in Malawi

    The relationship between economic inequality and HIV infection among young Malawian women is estimated with multi-level logit models of the individual probability of being infected. Two community levels are considered: the immediate neighbourhood, and Malawi's districts. We find a strong positive association between communal inequality and the risk of HIV infection. The relationship between economic status and HIV status, at communal and individual levels, is less clear-cut, but individual absolute poverty does not increase the risk of HIV infection. …

  8. Training of Trainers Manual

    The Training of Trainers Manual is a training curriculum developed under the Youth Peer initiative through a partnership with UNFPA and Family Health International (FHI)/Youth Net, in 2005. It provides a comprehensive training programme that can be used by "master" level peer educators and trainers. The manual uses participatory techniques based on a variety of theoretical frameworks to ensure that future trainers of peer educators are skilled and confident in their abilities to train peer educators and serve as informed resources for their peers. …

  9. Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs

    Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs is a report written by J. Beamish and L.T. Abderrazik for the POLICY Project, on behalf of the Asia/Near East Bureau of USAID. It aims to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in Morocco, within the context of the adolescent boys and girls. …

  10. Assessment of the socio-economic impact of HIV and AIDS on key sectors in Kenya

    The report shows that HIV and AIDS has varied and far reaching socio-economic impacts to the persons infected and affected and to the economy in general. These effects cannot be ignored in any of the sectors and the economy as a whole, if national and millennium development goals are to be achieved. HIV and AIDS has the greatest effect on people in their prime years of economic productivity, and is uniquely devastating as it increases poverty and reverses human development achievements. …

  11. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS and care. HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination: an anthropological approach

    Ce document résulte d'un projet conjoint de l'UNESCO et d'ONUSIDA intitulé "L'approche culturelle de la prévention et du traitement du VIH et sida". Il vise à lutter contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le VIH. Ce document présente les actes de la table ronde organisée en novembre 2002 dans le cadre du projet sur le thème: " VIH et sida, stigmatisation et discrimination : une approche anthropologique ". …

  12. A sexatlas for schools. Sexuality and personal relationships: a guide for the planning and implementation of teaching programmes in this area for primary, junior secondary and senior secondary schools

    This guide is based on recent research into sexuality education and health promotion in Sweden and focuses on sexuality and personal relationships for the planning and implementation of teaching programmes. It outlines important questions to be asked before the development of any education programme on sexuality and personal relationships and is designed to assist schools in analysing and structuring these programmes, to promote discussions and develop the teacher's ability to respond in an open and instructive manner to questions about sexuality and relationships. …

  13. Jamaican guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education: pre-school through age 24

    This document provides information for acquiring and forming attitudes, beliefs and values on topics such as identity, relationships and intimacy. It helps to expand understanding around HIV and AIDS, parent-child communication on sexuality, gender-based violence, child sexual abuse and forced sex, in order to improve awareness and communication around these issues. The guidelines may be used as a tool and supplemental resource for professionals to augment the Ministry of Education's Health and Family Life Education initiative in Jamaica. …

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