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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescents under the radar in the Asia-Pacific AIDS response

    This report is the result of a collaborative effort between members of the Asia Pacific Inter-Agency Task Team on Young Key Populations and UNICEF. It highlights the HIV crisis for vulnerable adolescents in Asia and the Pacific and what we can do to give them the support they desperately need. If we fail to do this, the world will not get to where it wants to be: ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

  2. Mainstreaming and partnerships: A multi-sectoral approach to strengthen HIV/AIDS response in India

    This monograph serves as a resource to enable a view on scaled up response through multi-sectoral support for risk reduction and impact mitigation of HIV in India. It draws on key achievements and lessons learnt from NACP I, II and III with regard to mainstreaming. The document focuses on the Department of AIDS Control’s (DAC) current response to the epidemic, which are priorities under NACP-IV and the rationale that guided the development of these priorities.

  3. Prevalence of HIV and other infections and risk behaviour among injecting drug users in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia in 2007: Study report

    The current report provides results from a cross-sectional bio-behavioural study on HIV and related infections and risk behaviours among current IDUs in the capital cities of the three Baltic countries. The first section of the report provides basic information on the three Baltic countries in general, and injecting drug use, HIV and other infections’ epidemiological situations, health care and harm reduction services in more detail. …

  4. HIV prevention among vulnerable populations: the Pathfinder International approach

    This publication provides a background in the risks faced by populations especially vulnerable to HIV and AIDS. The document outlines strategies effective in prevention of HIV and AIDS among sex workers, men who have sex with other men, and injecting drug users. Programs described include peer education, comprehensive health services and quality of treatment, provider referral networks, and in-service training and sensitization.

  5. Theatre for a Change Ghana: Interim impact assessment of the Peace and Love Club project

    Theatre for a Change (TfaC) is a registered non-governmental organization in Ghana which works to reduce the risk of HIV infection among marginalized and vulnerable groups through the use of interactive, participatory learning techniques. The HIV prevalence rate in Ghana is 1.37% and 11.1% among female sex workers (FSWs). In September 2012, following a period of mobilisation, TfaC began working with a group of 10 FSWs living and working in Old Fadama, Accra’s largest illegal settlement, to form the Peace and Love Club. …

  6. Experiences from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    In recent years, UNICEF has worked together with national and local authorities and civil society partners in a number of countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to develop and implement HIV prevention programmes intended to reduce risks and vul¬nerabilities among most-at-risk adolescents (MARA.) This docu¬ment presents programming experiences from seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. …

  7. The global HIV epidemics among sex workers

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. …

  8. Understanding the focus on young people from key affected populations in concentrated and low prevalence HIV epidemics

    This course has been developed to provide guidance around youth-specific HIV programming and support staff working across the Asia Pacific region to meet the specific needs and rights of young people from key affected populations. …

  9. Evaluation of the epidemiological impact of harm reduction programs on HIV in Vietnam

    This impact assessment study aims to examine coverage of harm reduction interventions in Vietnam among injecting drug users and female sex workers from 2004-2009 and to understand the HIV transmission dynamics in Vietnam and to estimate the extent to which harm reduction interventions among core groups have contributed towards epidemiological trends and reduced HIV transmission in Vietnam during the 2004-2009 strategy.

  10. HIV knowledge, risk perception, and safer sex practices among female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

    This qualitative study aimed to understand how knowledge of HIV and risk perceptiosn influence safer sex practices among female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Focus group discussions and semistructured interviews were used to gather data on female sex workers (FSW) (n=174) from 19 sites. FSWs also completed a structured, demographic questionnaire. Although some FSWs had misconceptions, the majority knew about HIV risk, transmission and prevention methods. …

  11. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  12. Law N° 64/2006/QH11 on HIV/AIDS prevention and control

    This law provides for HIV/AIDS prevention and control. After general considerations on HIV and AIDS, especially in Vietnam, this document establishes social measures in HIV/AIDS prevention and control (the role of information, education and communication, the mobilization of families, organizations and individuals in HIV/AIDS prevention and control). It alsoáexamines medical technical measures in HIV/AIDS prevention and control (testing, treatment and care of infected people).

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