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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. University-based peer health education in China: The Shantou experience

    Objective: University-based peer health education is a recent development in China. The authors evaluated a newly implemented program in the Guangdong province. Participants and Methods: In September 2006, the authors conducted a crosssectional study using self-administered questionnaires on 30 peer educators and 247 students. Results: All peer educators and the majority of student respondents positively evaluated the program. Although students preferred to seek health information online, approximately one-quarter of the student respondents would contact peer educators. …

  2. HIV prevention on youth: final report

    This report covers a focus group discussion on HIV and AIDS information needs among university students in Jakarta and Papua as well as the report of the establishment of an HIV Prevention for youth E-learning course using video conference and webinar for the university students.

  3. Integrating a youth-based stigma and discrimination reduction curriculum in higher education: St Xavier’s College

    Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of awareness of stigma and its harmful consequences, social judgment and fear of infection through casual contact. This project demonstrated that higher education can be an effective entry point for stigma reduction, by working with several groups and environments, in this case the faculty, students and college. …

  4. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding HIV/AIDS among university students in Xinjiang

    Objective: The aim of this paper is to assess the level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and its risk factors, attitude towards HIV/AIDS and AIDS patients and its transmission, and to identify high risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS among university students in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Methodology: A cross–sectional survey was conducted among students enrolled in two universities, the Xinjiang University (XU) and Xinjiang Medical University (XMU). …

  5. The effects of peer education on reduction of the HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk behaviors among Turkish university students

    This study investigated how HIV/sexually transmitted infection peer education (PE) affected HIV knowledge, perceived prevention self-efficacy, and risky sexual behaviors among Turkish university students (N = 118) who were sexually active but did not use condoms. A methodological and pre-/posttest controlled study design was used, with data collected before PE, just after PE, 3 months after PE, and 6 months after PE. …

  6. HIV, syphilis infection, and risky sexual behaviors among male university students who have sex with men in Beijing, China: a cross-sectional study

    Young male university students who have sex with men are at high risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey to assess the prevalence of risky sexual behaviors, HIV, and syphilis among male university students who have sex with men in Beijing, China; and to identify risk factors for unprotected anal intercourse (UAI). Among 157 study participants, HIV and syphilis prevalence were 2.5% and 7.0%, respectively. The authors found a high prevalence of UAI in the study population. …

  7. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  8. Gender differences in KAP related to HIV/AIDS among freshmen in Afghan universities

    This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the level of knowledge, perception/attitude, and practices related to HIV among 1,054 freshmen students in four Afghan universities differences between genders. A probability, two stage sampling method was used. Data were collected by a self administered structured questionnaire. SPSS software was used for data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Most of respondents were male (72.1%), their average age was 20.1 ± 2 years, and most were unmarried (93.4%). …

  9. Manual on HIV Prevention for Teachers of Teacher Training Colleges (in Russian)

    The manual has been designed for teachers from Teacher Training College. The Manual consists of eleven Modules. It contains information on HIV and AIDS, reproductive health, preventive education as well as exercises for life skills development and attitude formation for healthy lifestyle.

  10. Manual on HIV Prevention for Teachers in Pedagogical Faculties, Kyrgyzstan (in Russian)

    The manual on prevention of HIV infection for university teachers will be used for training future teachers. The manual consists of twelve modules on different topics: HIV infection as a socio-economic problem; general information on HIV infection; psychoactive substances and prevention of their use, legal aspects of HIV prevention and drug abuse; sexuality and sexual relations: the influence of gender factors on vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted infections, and others.

  11. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Viet Nam: the case of the Hanoi University of Education

    This study is a part of the global UNESCO Review of Universities' Response to HIV/AIDS. The study aims to draw lessons learned and recommendations for strengthening higher education's response to HIV/AIDS. Hanoi University of Education, a leading Teacher Training University in Viet Nam, was selected for this study due to its achievements in HIV/AIDS prevention and its potential contributions to the objective of the study.

  12. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Thailand: the case of the University of Chiang Mai

    The overall objective of this review is to identify promising approaches undertaken by higher education institutions worldwide to prevent the further spread of HIV, to manage the impact of HIV/AIDS on the higher education sector, and to mitigate the effects of HIV/AIDS on individuals and communities. These approaches will be analysed to formulate lessons learned and recommendations for higher education institutions to respond sensitively, appropriately, and effectively to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  13. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. People's Republic of China: the case of Renmin University of China

    Although overall HIV prevalence in China remains relatively low since the first AIDS case was reported in 1985, there are clusters of high prevalence among former blood and plasma sellers in several central provinces and injecting drug users (IDU) in the southern and southwestern parts of the country. Case reports indicate that the epidemic continues to grow at a steady rate, and is spreading into the general population, with the proportion of sexually transmitted HIV infections continuing to increase. …

  14. HIV/AIDS: Towards a Strategy for Commonwealth Universities

    The objectives of this workshop were amongst others to:- open debate about HIV/AIDS at leadership level in a sub-reion of Asia; identify how universities in this region can demonstrate leadership; identify what is being done in the university sector in this region; share strategies; promote the development of research

  15. Expanding the field of inquiry: A cross-country study of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS

    This report compares, analyses, and summarises findings from twelve case studies commissioned by the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in higher education institutions in Brazil, Burkina Faso, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Lebanon, Lesotho, Suriname, Thailand, and Viet Nam. …

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