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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Human rights and the HIV response: a rapid assessment of human rights violations in the context of HIV, in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and a review of current approaches to protecting and promoting human rights for an effective HIV response

    Key populations, specifically people who sell sex (PWSS), people who inject drugs (PWID) and lesbian, and gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people experience significant human rights violations which underpin the continued high HIV incidence in these populations. This rapid assessment of human rights violations in Eastern and southern Africa focuses on three priority key populations – PWSS, LGBTI (including MSM), and PWID. The report outlines the normative international treaties that establish a basis for a human rights framework for the HIV response.

  2. Behaviour change communication strategies for preventing adolescent pregnancy sourcebook

    More than ever, adolescents need help, guidance, and empowerment. This is the main purpose for which the Department of Health invested in the project: “Development of Behavior Change Communication (BCC) Strategy for Adolescent Pregnancy.” This initiative essentially aims to contribute to the promotion of positive and healthy behaviors that enable adolescents to avoid too early and unintended pregnancy. This initiative is an integral part of the Adolescent and Youth Health and Development (AYHD) Program of the Department of Health. …

  3. National HIV legal review report: Review of Myanmar’s legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV services for people living with HIV and key affected populations

    This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.The review was conducted through a partnership of UNAIDS, UNDP and Pyoe Pin in the period August - December 2013, in consultation with the National AIDS Programme. …

  4. Understanding young people and the law in Asia and the Pacific

    This issue of HEADLIGHT is based on the report Young people and the law in Asia and the Pacific, which was published by UNESCO, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, and Youth Lead in 2013. In this brief we will focus especially on the issues in the report which affect access to HIV and sexual and reproductive health services (SRH) by young MSM and young TG, especially those under 18.

  5. Effective laws to end HIV and AIDS: Next steps for parliaments

    With the global AIDS response becoming increasingly hampered by the criminalization of key populations, this study aims to encourage and assist parliamentary scrutiny of legislation that impedes effective HIV interventions. It highlights the various processes in selected parliaments that led to the adoption of laws with a positive impact on the AIDS response. Although such outcomes were not always easy to achieve, they were mainly the result of inspired leadership by parliamentarians able to overcome the moral obstacles that had stifled socially sensitive issues in political debate.

  6. Sex work and HIV in Namibia: Review of the literature and current programmes

    Namibia’s National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010/11-2015/16 emphasises the importance of programmes aimed at most at risk populations, including sex workers. However, research aimed at understanding the realities faced by sex workers in Namibia and the effects of HIV on them, and HIV-related programming targeting sex workers, have been relatively limited to date. In order to contribute to strengthening HIV programming with sex workers, UNFPA Namibia has obtained Programme Acceleration Funding (PAF) from UNAIDS. …

  7. Documenting human rights Violations of sex workers in Kenya: a study conducted in Nairobi, Kisumu, Busia, Nanyuki, Mombasa and Malindi

    This study investigates the human rights violations experienced by women sex workers in Kenya. This research found that these women have no way to claim their individual human rights under the current operating laws and policy framework. They are unable to keep themselves safe as they seek to support themselves and their families because they are relentlessly subject to police harassment, arrest and abuse. Furthermore, because sex work is viewed as an 'immoral activity' rather than as a form of labour, many in society believe that sex workers deserve to be punished for what they do. …

  8. Assessment: legal and regulatory framework affecting treatment and services for most-at-risk populations in Ghana

    In recognition of the importance of an enabling legal and policy environment that supports MARPs and their access to services, the Ghana AIDS Commission requested that the United States Agency for International Development - supported Health Policy Initiative conduct a qualitative assessment to develop an understanding of the current legal and policy framework for MARPs. An enabling environment reduces stigma and discrimination (S&D) against MARPs, protects their rights, and ensures that they have access to needed services. …

  9. Enabling legal environments for effective HIV responses: a leadership challenge for the Commonwealth

    The purpose of this report is to define an agenda for action on HIV and the law in Commonwealth states. This agenda is intended to inform the work of legislators, officials and diplomats of Commonwealth states. It is also intended to assist civil society organisations to engage with governments of Commonwealth states on the legal dimensions of HIV responses. The report provides recommendations for governments, civil society organisations and Commonwealth institutions. …

  10. Parliamentary Handbook on HIV and AIDS

    This handbook will reinforce the work of the Cambodia National Assembly and Senate in response to the epidemic, in which they have been engaged since 2006 with the support of UNAIDS and UNDP. Unlike any other contemporary pandemic, HIV and AIDS cannot be seen as merely a health concern for a population. Governments must recognize the complex economic, social and humanitarian pressures that come with a maturing and evolving epidemic. Without this recognition Cambodia may see the successes of the past quickly erode. …

  11. Getting research into policy and practice. Experiences from sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS

    Insights is a thematic overview of recent policy-relevant research findings on international development. This issue contents the following articles: Getting research into policy and practice. Experiences from sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS; Investing in the future. …

  12. Sex, rights and the law in a world with AIDS. Meeting report and recommendations

    A meeting, Sex, Rights and the Law in a World with AIDS, was convened by several organizations to explore why the AIDS response has made relatively little progress on the prevention of sexually transmitted HIV, and what should be done to ensure a more effective long-term response. The meeting was organized for aids2031, a two-year initiative that is exploring what must be done now to change the face of AIDS in the year 2031, 50 years after the discovery of the first cases of AIDS. …

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