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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Embarazo adolescente y madres jóvenes en México: Una visión desde el Promajoven

    Los estudios sobre le impacto que tiene la educación básica en el desarollo de las mujeres y sus familias confirman la necesidad de focalizar y especializar la atención a la diversidad de condiciones, situaciones y contextos que el estudiantado vive a lo largo de sus trayectorias escolares. La presente investigación hace referencia a une de esos casos; el ejercicio de la sexualidad y el acontecimiento de los embarazos tempranos.

  2. Sexual and reproductive health needs and access to services for vulnerable groups in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report aims to understand sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs and related policies for three selected vulnerable groups - Roma (men and women), internally displaced people (IDPs) and adolescents - in eight Eastern European and Central Asian countries. The purpose of the study is to contribute to a policy dialogue on focusing national programs on the SRH needs of vulnerable groups.

  3. Mujeres y vulnerabilidades ente el VIH/SIDA en la Región de Arica y Parinacota: Diálogos participativos 2011

    Este documento presenta los resultados de los diálogos participativos realizados en la ciudad de Arica entre octubre y noviembre del 2011. En éstos participaron cerca de 80 mujeres. Se convocó a mujeres de origen aymara; mujeres afrodescendientes; mujeres privadas de libertad; mujeres migrantes, refugiadas y solicitantes de la condición de refugio; mujeres adultas, jóvenes y adultas mayores. …

  4. Building partnerships on HIV and sex work: report and recommendations from the first Asia and the Pacific regional consultation on HIV and sex work

    This report reflects the voices and opinions of 140 participants, including resource persons and sex workers, at the first Asia and the Pacific Regional Consultation on HIV and Sex Work, held on October 2010 in Pattaya, Thailand. It covers critical components of the HIV and sex work responses, and four key areas – namely, creating an enabling legal and policy environment, ensuring sexual and reproductive health and rights, eliminating violence against sex workers, and addressing migration and mobility in the context of HIV and sex work. …

  5. Desk review of programmes for most at risk young people in six Pacific countries - Cook Islands, FSM, Marshall Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Samoa

    Across the Pacific region, youth population between 10-25 years of age represents about 56% of the pacific population of 9.5 million, with 37% under the age of 14 years. The region’s median age is 21 years. UNICEF, UNFPA and SPC jointly support 10 countries across the Pacific to deliver programs targeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people. A 2007 Review of the Adolescent Health and Development (AHD) Program recommended specifically targeting vulnerable, marginalized and most at risk groups of young people. …

  6. I expect to be abused and I have fear: Sex workers' experiences of human rights violations and barriers to accessing healthcare in four African countries

    This report documents human rights violations experienced by female, male and transgender sex workers in four African countries (Kenya, Uganda, South Africa and Zimbabwe), and describes barriers they face to accessing health services. Through cross-country comparison and documenting sub-regional trends, the study moves beyond previous often-localised descriptions of violations against sex workers in Africa. The study also fills information gaps about violations in male and transgender sex workers in this setting.

  7. Key populations, key responses: a gap analysis for key populations and HIV in South Africa, and recommendations for the National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (2012-2016)

    In June 2011, South Africa signed the United Nations Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS: Intensifying our Efforts to Eliminate HIV/AIDS which explicitly outlined commitment for all UN member states to address the inadequacy of HIV prevention strategies, focusing on men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users (IDU) and sex workers (SW) and to improve access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for migrant populations. …

  8. Addressing gender-based violence from the reproductive health/HIV sector: a literature review and analysis

    This document provides a literature review on programs in developing countries that have addressed or challenged gender-based violence with a link to the reproductive health/HIV sectors. For this review, programs addressing both adult and adolescent populations were eligible for inclusion and an effort was made to identify programs that involved men.

  9. Marco jurídico para la prevención del VIH/SIDA con jóvenes en Costa Rica: análisis de la legislación costarricense sobre juventud, VIH/SIDA y migración.

    Documento sobre el marco legal que garantiza los derechos de salud sexual y reproductiva y VIH/sida de los jóvenes en Costa Rica. Se analizan las regulaciones legales sobre juventud, VIH/sida y migración. En base a este análisis se detectan problemas como la ausencia de una política de género, o una perspectiva de derechos humanos en la legislación, además de la situación de precariedad de la población migrante en ese país.

  10. Women and girls confronting HIV and AIDS in Malaysia

    This report grows out of the shared belief that there must be a response to the impeding HIV crisis confronting women and girls in Malaysia. The increasingly feminised nature of the HIV epidemic in the country has been linked to issues affecting women's ability to control and decide issues relating to sex. Whether as injecting drug users, housewives, migrant workers, professionals, refugees or sex workers, women and girls experience HIV and AIDS differently compared to men and boys. Their risks and vulnerabilities to HIV require a gendered response. …

  11. Bulgaria National HIV/AIDS response. Experience from a new EU Member State (2001-2007)

    Bulgaria is still a country with low HIV prevalence in the general population. However, the country faces a great challenge related to the possibility of rapid development of concentrated epidemics in separate group identified as most-at-risk (mainly among injecting drug users, men who have sex with men and sex workers). There are already epidemiological and behavioural indications. The risk is also related to the possible increase of HIV cases among other social groups, where the main mode of transmission is the heterosexual one, and where a generalized epidemic can develop. …

  12. Adolescent refugees and migrants: a reproductive health emergency

    This publication from Pathfinder International outlines the specific reproductive health needs of this cadre of adolescents and the programmatic responses that can be used to reach them.

  13. Prevention is for life. HIV/AIDS: dispatches from the field

    Although HIV can strike anyone, it is not an equal opportunity virus. Gender inequality, poverty, lack of education and inadequate access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services continue to fuel the epidemic. This booklet will detail how and why prevention works. By applying the principles of prevention to diverse populations around the world, the global community can help slow, and possibly halt, what is proving to be one of the greatest health challenges of our time. …

  14. Review and appraisal of the progress made in achieving the goals and objectives of the programme of action of the International Conference on Population and Development: the 2004 report

    This report is based on the 2nd quinquennial review and appraisal for the thirty-seventh session of the commission in 2004. It is divided into an introduction and seven chapters. The first two sections provide an overview of population levels and trends, and population growth, structure and distribution in the world and its major regions. These are followed by four sections focusing on clusters of issues: reproductive health and rights and mortality, international migration and population programmes. The final section summarizes the major conclusion of the report.

  15. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Cambodia: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of ARH in Cambodia is part of a series of assessments conducted in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

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