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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Rwanda demographic and health survey 2014/2015

    The main objective of the 2014-15 RDHS was to obtain current information on demographic and health indicators, including family planning; maternal mortality; infant and child mortality; nutrition status of mothers and children; prenatal care, delivery, and postnatal care; childhood diseases; and pediatric immunization. In addition, the survey was designed to measure indicators such as domestic violence, the prevalence of anemia and malaria among women and children, and the prevalence of HIV infection in Rwanda. …

  2. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey: key indicators 2014

    The 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) is a national sample survey that targeted 40,300 households designed to provide detailed information on aspects of health across Kenya and in each of the 47 counties. The KDHS is conducted every five years. The 2014 KDHS was the sixth survey of its kind to be conducted in Kenya, following those carried out in 1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2008-09, and it is the first KDHS to provide information at the county level. …

  3. Rwanda demographic and health survey 2014/2015: key findings

    This publication highlights the key findings of 2014-15 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS 5), a nationally representative survey of 13,497 women age 15-49 and 5,585 men age 15-59 from 12,793 interviewed households. …

  4. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2015/2016 - 2019/2020. Abridged version

    The Abridged Version of the National Strategic Plan 2015/2016—2019/2020(NSP) is a synthesis of the detailed National Strategic Plan for purposes of dissemination and quick reference. It particularly targets policy-makers at all levels to facilitate quick decision-making.

  5. Experiences of pregnant adolescents - voices from Wakiso district, Uganda

    Background: In Uganda, morbidity and mortality among adolescent mothers and their children are high. Social factors behind this problem need to be better understood. Objective: To explore problems that pregnant adolescents face in order to design appropriate policies and interventions. Methods: This was a descriptive study that utilized qualitative methods for data collection. The study population comprised of pregnant adolescents, adolescent mothers, opinion leaders, In-charge of health unit, and Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) in Wakiso district, Uganda. …

  6. Coping with unintended pregnancies: Narratives from adolescents in Nairobi’s slums

    The health and other risks associated with early pregnancy and sexual activity raise urgent need for appropriate interventions and programs to address adolescent reproductive behaviors. It is important to understand the circumstances surrounding, and factors associated with unintended pregnancies among young people, the challenges that limit their ability to protect their sexual and reproductive health, and how they deal with the outcomes of unintended pregnancy. …

  7. Adding it up: The costs and benefits of investing in sexual and reproductive health

    To help decision-makers evaluate the investments needed in developing countries, this report provides new estimates, for 2014, of the needs for and costs and benefits of sexual and reproductive health interventions in three key areas: Contraceptive services; Maternal, newborn and other pregnancy-related care; Selected services related to HIV and other STIs for women of reproductive age. …

  8. Financing the South African national strategic plan for HIV, STIs and TB 2012-2016. An analysis of funding, funding gaps and financing considerations

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse resource requirements to implement the NSP as well as available sources of funding so as to determine financial gaps and potential strategies to fill those gaps. The analysis was based on a review of relevant costing reports and models prepared recently in South Africa. These reports and models are referred to and referenced in the body of this report. The analysis provides a snap shot of funding needs and gaps for HIV and TB as of mid-way through the 2013/14 financial year as the collection of financial data for this analysis was completed by that date.

  9. National Reproductive Health Policy 2007-2014

    This Policy will focus on six priority components to include current developments in the area of reproductive morbidity. …

  10. Access to safe abortion: building choices for women living with HIV and AIDS

    In many areas of the world where HIV prevalence is high, rates of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion have also been shown to be high. Of all pregnancies worldwide in 2008, 41% were reported as unintended or unplanned, and approximately 50% of these ended in abortion. …

  11. From Cairo to New York: Inventory of youth sexual and reproductive health and rights language since the 1994 international CPD

    In 1994, delegations assembled in Cairo from 179 member states and from thousands of NGOs for the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). Member states negotiated a 20-year action plan to develop a “new era of population” by 2015. The ICPD Programme of Action (also known as the Cairo Consensus) placed the individual needs and rights of men and, especially, women as the single most important factor for governments in determining population and development policies and strategies. This demonstrated a shift from the previous focus on achieving demographic targets. …

  12. Youth and unsafe abortion: a global snapshot

    Worldwide, approximately 16 million women and girls ages 15 to 19 give birth each year, accounting for approximately 11 percent of all births worldwide. For these young women, complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death, and unsafe abortion is a major contributor to this mortality. This brief provides an overview of unsafe abortion among young women. …

  13. Sexuality and HIV and AIDS in Africa: report of the 4th Africa Conference on Sexual Health and Rights

    "Sexuality and HIV & AIDS" was the theme of the 4th Africa Conference on Sexual Health and Rights held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from February 8th to 12th, 2010. The main objective of the Conference was to identify vulnerabilities and vulnerable people that are critical to SRHR and HIV/AIDS interventions. The Conference sought to introduce new insights to initiatives that will stem the spread of HIV and AIDS and map a course of action for SRHR. A key expected outcome was a shift away from moral approaches and expansion of the discussion of sexuality from a rights based perspective. …

  14. A measure of commitment: women's sexual and reproductive health risk index for Sub-Saharan Africa

    In 2008 the number of African women who died from pregnancy and child birth was much higher than the number of casualties from all the major conflicts in Africa combined. Maternal mortality continues to be the major cause of death among women of reproductive age (15-49) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This report looks at the performance of sub Saharan African countries in meeting reproductive health targets in 47 countries and ranks them using a set of ten indicators in order of the highest to lowest risk. …

  15. Review and appraisal of the progress made in achieving the goals and objectives of the programme of action of the International Conference on Population and Development: the 2004 report

    This report is based on the 2nd quinquennial review and appraisal for the thirty-seventh session of the commission in 2004. It is divided into an introduction and seven chapters. The first two sections provide an overview of population levels and trends, and population growth, structure and distribution in the world and its major regions. These are followed by four sections focusing on clusters of issues: reproductive health and rights and mortality, international migration and population programmes. The final section summarizes the major conclusion of the report.

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