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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV-related data on very young adolescents

    Very young adolescents (VYAs)—those between the ages of 10 and 14—represent about half of the 1.2 billion adolescents ages 10–19 in the world. A technical working group that the World Health Organization (WHO) convened in 2010 observed that, although adolescents ages 15–19 have been the main population segment addressed by adolescent health and development programs, the “special needs and concerns of young adolescents ages 10–14—some of whom are already sexually active—have been relatively neglected.” This neglect is, to some extent, a result of a lack of global HIV-related data for VYAs. …

  2. A possible role of stigma and fears in HIV infection

    Fear/Stigma associated with HIV/AIDS continues to avert responses to the epidemic. Data (obtained in Tshwane metropolis) were used to test stigma/fear dimensions of an instrument. Factor analysis identified five foci of fear and stigma. There were significant differences on the factor scale measuring fear of sex, with females and younger respondents having significantly greater fear. Results were interpreted within a cultural context that realises that decreasing AIDS stigma is a vital step in stemming the pandemic.

  3. All in to end the adolescent AIDS epidemic: a progress report

    UNICEF and UNAIDS launched the ALL IN platform in February 2015 to galvanize global action towards HIV and a population that were largely neglected in the global AIDS response – adolescents. The ALL IN initiative, with a focus on 25 lead countries that contribute to 86 per cent of all new HIV infections in adolescents, seeks to bring adolescents into focus in fast-track efforts to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, and provides three targets for the year 2020 to frame this acceleration agenda: 1. Reduce new HIV infections among adolescents by at least 75 per cent; 2. …

  4. Advancing human rights, equality and inclusive governance to end AIDS: supporting countries to implement the recommendations of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law

    Despite the significant progress in scaling up work on HIV human rights, violations and stigma remain serious barriers to better HIV and health responses. Greater focus on protecting, upholding and fulfilling the rights of people living with HIV and those most affected is essential for delivering on the pledge made by Member States in Agenda 2030 to leave no one behind. The Global Commission on HIV and the Law issued its landmark report in July 2012 and made several recommendations how the law can be used to respond to HIV in an evidence informed, rights based manner. …

  5. Religion and sexuality: a report on faith-based responses to children's comprehensive sexuality education and information

    This research on faith-based perspectives on Comprehensive Sexuality Education and Information (CSE & I) seeks to explore the role of African faith-leaders in providing CSE & I, specifically the extent of their current and potential involvement, and how their involvement can be enhanced.

  6. HIV and social protection assessment tool: generating evidence for policy and action on HIV and social protection

    The HIV and social protection assessment tool is used for a quick scan of existing social protection programmes and their sensitivity (or lack of) to the HIV response in a given country and location. Additional follow-up and research that engages the different critical actors, including HIV programme managers, social protection administrators, beneficiaries and civil society representatives, may be necessary in some contexts. The assessment provides countries and communities with tailored analysis on HIV and social protection. …

  7. Searching for the second R in sexual and reproductive health and … rights

    Sexual and reproductive health and rights have gained prominence in the HIV response. The role of sexual and reproductive health in underpinning a successful approach to HIV prevention, treatment, care, and services has increasingly been recognized. However, the “second R,” referring to sexual and reproductive rights, is often neglected. This leads to policies and programs which both fail to uphold and fulfill these rights and which fail to meet the needs of those most affected by HIV by neglecting to take account of the human right-based barriers and challenges they face. …

  8. Young key populations and young people living with HIV and AIDS in Vietnam

    The aim of the program is to create enabling and empowering environment in the selected countries to enhance the engagement of young key populations in the Global Fund processes at country level, with following specific objectives: (i) To synthesize and generate strategic information in relation to HIV and young people to inform the National Strategic Plan review and Investment Cases; (ii) Ensure youth partners have the skills and knowledge to influence the country dialogue for adequately resourced HIV responses for young people; and (iii) Ensure programmes funded through the NFM targeting you …

  9. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2015/2016-2019/2020

    The vision of this NSP is “A Healthy and Productive Population free of HIV and AIDS and its effects” while the goal is “Towards Zero new infections, Zero HIV and AIDS-related mortality and morbidity and Zero discrimination”. To attain the goal of this NSP, it will be implemented under four thematic areas, namely, (i) Prevention, (ii) Care and Treatment, (iii) Social Support and Protection, and (iv) Systems Strengthening. The thematic area of Systems Strengthening includes governance, infrastructure, human resource, financing/resource mobilization, monitoring, evaluation and research.

  10. Towards ending AIDS in Sri Lanka: a road map

    The road map towards ending AIDS by 2025 consists of strategic directions to be followed in order to achieve the 90-90-90 target set by UNAIDS, namely, that 90% of all people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90% of people with diagnosed HIV infection receive sustainable antiretroviral therapy and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy achieve viral suppression. These new targets aim to fast-track the national response in the next five years to end AIDS by 2025. …

  11. The national policy for the prevention and control of HIV and AIDS and STIs: Republic of Seychelles

    The main goal of the Seychelles National Policy on HIV and AIDS and Other STIs is to prevent and control the spread of HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, and to care for those infected and affected by them. This goal will be achieved through programmes and services that respect for human rights, that are fully integrated and mainstreamed and that use knowledge and experience acquired on what works and what does not work to develop and deliver services.

  12. Situation analysis of legal and regulatory aspects of HIV and AIDS in Seychelles: final report

    This analysis of legal and regulatory aspects in the context of HIV and AIDS seeks to clarify how existing laws, policies and practices and their implementation and enforcement either support or undermine an effective HIV response in the country. This is important to ensure an effective HIV response that protects and promotes the human rights of people living with HIV and of most at risk and vulnerable populations. …

  13. Pakistan AIDS Strategy III 2015-2020

    The purpose of the PAS III is to guide Pakistan’s overall national response for HIV and AIDS through 2020, through focused interventions with set targets, costs, roles and responsibilities. The successful implementation of PAS III involves multiple stakeholders to achieve priority outcomes outlined in the Strategy. The Strategy focuses on allocating limited resources to scale up high-impact, high-value interventions such as HTC and treatment to reduce AIDS related deaths and new HIV infections. …

  14. An assessment of the legal and policy environment in response to HIV in Nepal

    This report follows on the recommendation of the Global Commission on HIV and Law in undertaking national reviews and multi-stakeholder consultations by 2015, relating to the legal and policy barriers towards the elimination of HIV-related stigma, discrimination, and violence. …

  15. National strategic plan for HIV and AIDS 2015-2020

    This 2015-2020 National Strategic Plan (NSP) for HIV will focus on meeting the 90-90-90 targets through identifying critical program and system gaps and ensuring those gaps are closed within the next five years. The NSP cuts across multiple sectors including health, and creates a common understanding for all HIV and AIDS stakeholders: government, civil society, the private sector, and development partners to work together towards achieving the expected results. …

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