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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Menstruation as a barrier to education?

    Increasing education for girls is an important policy priority in many developing countries, where secondary school enrollment often remains lower for girls than for boys. Some researchers and policymakers have argued that menstruation may be causing girls to miss a significant number of school days. At the maximum, some have estimated that girls might be missing as much as 10 to 20 percent of school days due to menstruation. Anecdotal evidence seems to support this. Girls report missing school during their periods and lacking access to modern sanitary products. …

  2. HIV prevention in Mexican schools: prospective randomised evaluation of intervention

    Objective: To assess effects on condom use and other sexual behaviour of an HIV prevention programme at school that promotes the use of condoms with and without emergency contraception. […] Intervention: Schools were randomised to one of three arms: an HIV prevention course that promoted condom use, the same course with emergency contraception as back-up, or the existing sex education course. Self administered anonymous questionnaires were completed at baseline, four months, and 16 months. …

  3. Creating village champions for girls’ education

    Families, communities and village governments are often the key decision-makers regarding girls’ lives. They can also be the most difficult to persuade in terms of delaying girls’ marriages. Their support can ensure that changes initiated by Samata are sustained well after the end of the programme.

  4. Fostering adolescent girl leaders

    At the heart of the Samata intervention is the development of a cadre of adolescent girl leaders who will sustain changes in favour of girls’ education and gender equality in their villages. The programme mentors girls to become confident and vocal young feminists, active in their communities and schools. Samata aims to equip them with the knowledge and skills to effectively negotiate a space that is hostile to women. Overall, the Samata programme has reached 3,600 girls across 69 villages in 2 districts of Bagalkot and Bijapur in northern Karnataka.

  5. Mentoring adolescent boys to reduce gender-based violence

    According to the theory of change that underlies the Samata programme, one important factor in keeping girls in school is to reduce gender-based violence by their male peers. This brief explains how Samata works with adolescent boys.

  6. As we grow up, vol. 3: Stories of love

    "As we grow up" series consists of three volumes under the themes of puberty, relationships and healthy sexuality which was compiled to support secondary schools and community learning centers in their efforts in strengthening Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) for young people.

  7. As we grow up, vol. 2: A multi-chamber heart

    "As we grow up" series consists of three volumes under the themes of puberty, relationships and healthy sexuality which was compiled to support secondary schools and community learning centers in their efforts in strengthening Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) for young people.

  8. As we grow up, vol. 1: What is happening to me?

    "As we grow up" series consists of three volumes under the themes of puberty, relationships and healthy sexuality which was compiled to support secondary schools and community learning centers in their efforts in strengthening Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) for young people.

  9. From paper to practice: sexuality education policies and their implementation in Ghana

    This report provides a detailed snapshot of how the policies related to sexuality education in Ghana are translated into practice and what students, teachers and heads of schools think about them. Data from official documents, key informant interviews and school-based surveys were used to examine how sexuality education programs in three regions were developed, implemented and experienced. …

  10. From paper to practice: sexuality education policies and their implementation in Kenya

    This report provides a snapshot of how sexuality education policies in Kenya are translated into practice in secondary schools, and what students, teachers and principals think about them. Data from official documents, key informant interviews and school-based surveys were used to examine how sexuality education programs in three counties were developed, implemented and experienced. …

  11. An Orientation Workshop on International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education

    Considering the importance of CSE, the updated school curriculum has introduced it from basic education to high school education. Different universities also included CSE components in their programmes especially in faculty of education. The inclusion of CSE in curriculum is not sufficient to implement in the grass root level. It is equally important to aware the policy makers, supporting agencies and implementers for the effective implementation of the programme. …

  12. Connect with Respect: Classroom Program for Prevention of Gender-based Violence, Thailand Training Workshop, Bangkok, 11-12 November, 2016

    Connect with Respect: Preventing Gender-based Violence in Schools is a classroom program for preventing school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) in the context of lower secondary schools. It was designed through a collaboration led by the East Asia and Pacific United Nations Girls Education Initiative (UNGEI) SRGBV working group, with participation from Plan International, UN Women, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). …

  13. Regional lesson plans: a set of individual scripted lesson plans for comprehensive sexuality education in East and Southern Africa

    This set of 14 individual scripted lesson plans was developed to support school-based delivery of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) in East and Southern Africa. The scripted lesson plans are intended to provide teachers with material often lacking in existing life skills and CSE curricula, which can be used to supplement existing resources and support the delivery of CSE. …

  14. Factors shaping trajectories to child and early marriage: evidence from Young Lives in India

    The 2011 Census in India reported that nearly 17 million children between the ages of 10 and 19 –6% of the age group – are married, with girls constituting the majority (76 per cent), although there has been a significant relative reduction in the marriage of girls under 14. The aim of this paper is to better understand the individual, household and community factors that explain the different pathways to marriage among Young Lives children, drawing upon both descriptive statistics from the household survey as well as in-depth qualitative research with the study children.

  15. From teasing to torment: school climate revisited a survey of U.S. secondary school students and teachers

    This document provides an in-depth look at the current landscape of bias and peer victimization as reported by students and teachers from across the nation. In addition to examining various types of bias, including those based on race/ethnicity, religion, body size, and ability, this report provides a focused look at LGBTQ issues in secondary schools. Comparing findings to a similar survey conducted in 2005, the report discusses the progress that has been made over the past ten years, as well as highlights the challenges that remain. …

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