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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Factors associated with teachers’ implementation of HIV/AIDS education in secondary schools in Cape Town, South Africa

    This study investigated the factors influencing whether high school teachers implemented HIV/AIDS education. The independent variables included constructs derived from expectancy value theories, teachers’ generic dispositions, their training experience, characteristics of their interactive context and the school climate. We conducted a postal survey of 579 teachers responsible for AIDS education in all 193 public high schools in Cape Town. Questionnaires were completed and returned by 324 teachers (56% response rate) from 125 schools. …

  2. Impact of a School-based Peer Sexual Health Intervention on Normative Beliefs, Risk Perceptions, and Sexual Behavior of Zambian Adolescents

    To determine whether adolescents’ normative beliefs about abstinence and condoms, their personal risk perception, and safer sex practices changed after the implementation of a peer sexual health education intervention implemented in Zambian secondary schools.

  3. Education à la santé et à la prévention du SIDA dans l'enseignement secondaire : étude comparative de situations d'enseignement entre la France et le Congo-brazzaville

    Nous présentons ici nos résultats préliminaires concernant l’étude des pratiques d’enseignants de biologie du secondaire dans la prévention du SIDA. Par une étude comparative entre la France et le Congo-Brazzaville, nous cherchons à définir l’articulation entre les contenus enseignés sur le SIDA (par rapport aux programmes), les situations pédagogiques mises en oeuvre, les modèles de prévention et la perception que les enseignants ont de leur rôle d’acteur de prévention-SIDA, et d'autre part l'impact que ces pratiques peuvent avoir sur le système didactique.

  4. Pedoman dan modul pendidikan kecakapan hidup untuk pencegahan HIV dan AIDS bagi guru SMP dan yang sederajat

    Guidelines and life skills education module for the prevention of HIV and AIDS for junior secondary teachers (SMP) or equivalent in Bahasa Indonesia.

  5. Gender and sexual vulnerability of young women in Africa: experiences of young girls in secondary schools in Uganda

    Sexuality is part and parcel of students' experiences of schooling manifested in personal friendships, relations and social interaction. These encounters constitute sites within which sexual identities are developed, practiced and actively produced through processes of negotiation. Drawing on qualitative research conducted in 14 selected secondary schools in Central and Western Uganda, the study illuminates gendered sexual vulnerability within patterns of social interaction and young girls gendered experiences and negotiation of their sexuality. …

  6. L'éducation à la sexualité : Guide d’intervention pour les collèges et les lycées

    Ce guide méthodologique a pour objectif, d’une part, d’aider les équipes éducatives à préparer ces séances, à structurer et animer leurs interventions, à construire les partenariats nécessaires et, d’autre part, de leur apporter des éléments d’information et de réflexion sur les différentes thématiques proposées. Il constitue un cadre de référence spécifiquement adapté à l’éducation à la sexualité en milieu scolaire. …

  7. Lesbian teachers' identity, power and the public/private boundary

    This article examines lesbian teachers' negotiation of the public/private boundary in the school, focusing on identity management in the context of the heterosexualised space of this public institution. The study is based on interviews conducted with six lesbian teachers working in London secondary schools. I examine the teachers' responses, and the ways in which they mediate the ‘polite’ silences in relation to lesbian and gay sexuality, as situated in a framework of liberal tolerance found in public and political domains. …

  8. Gendered harassment in secondary schools: understanding teachers' (non) interventions

    This article provides an analysis of teachers’ perceptions of and responses to gendered harassment in Canadian secondary schools based on in-depth interviews with six teachers in one urban school district. Gendered harassment includes any behaviour that polices and reinforces traditional heterosexual gender norms such as (hetero)sexual harassment, homophobic harassment, and harassment for gender non-conformity. This study shows that educators experience a combination of external and internal influences that act as either barriers or motivators for intervention. …

  9. Comportements sexistes et violences sexuelles : prévenir, repérer, agir. Guide ressources collèges et lycées

    Cette publication à destination des équipes éducatives des collèges et des lycées propose : un état des lieux des violences sexuelles en France et des différentes formes de violences en milieu scolaire, des définitions et des rappels juridiques relatifs au sexisme, aux violences à caractère sexuel, aux mariages forcés et aux mutilations sexuelles féminines, un chapitre sur le rôle de l'École et la prévention, des ressources utiles.

  10. Breaking a spell of silence: the Tasmanian evaluation of the 2006 Pride and Prejudice program

    An evaluation of the Pride & Prejudice program, which ran in three Tasmanian schools in 2006, suggests that students who completed the program had more positive attitudes towards gay men and lesbians. This finding parallels an earlier evaluation of the same anti-homophobia program undertaken in Victoria. The evaluation leads to a discussion about the deeper and often hidden purposes of schooling, and about the discursive formations of heteronormativity, which provide a heterosexist basis for ‘curriculum’. …

  11. School health manual. Comprehensive school health teachers activity manual

    This manual is addressed to all stakeholders concerned with school health. The School Health Policy and presently the Manual proposes to view health holistically, utilize all educational opportunities for health promotion including formal and informal approaches in curriculum pedagogy. The school health policy concerns the Central Board of Secondary Education and its affiliated schools and educational organizations. It should provide useful information to the community sector and other organizations that also have an interest in engaging in school based health initiatives.

  12. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among male high school students in Lao People's Democratic Republic

    This study aimed to assess HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) of high school students in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) because inadequate knowledge, negative attitudes and risky practices are major hindrances to preventing the spread of HIV. This is a cross-sectional study on unmarried male students aged between 16 and 19 years old, undertaken in 2010. …

  13. If you don't abstain, you will die of AIDS: AIDS education in Kenyan public schools

    We explored constraints of implementing AIDS education in public schools in Kenya. Sixty interviews with teachers and 60 focus group discussions with students were conducted in 21 primary and nine secondary schools. System/school-level constraints included lack of time in the curriculum, limited reach of secondary-school students (because AIDS education is embedded in biology, which is not compulsory), and disapproval of openness about sex and condoms by the Ministry of Education and parents. Alternative strategies to teach about AIDS had their own constraints. …

  14. Changes in HIV prevalence among differently educated groups in Tanzania between 2003 and 2007

    Objective: HIV prevalence trends suggest that the epidemic is stable or declining in many sub-Saharan African countries. However, trends might differ between socioeconomic groups. Educational attainment is a common measure of socioeconomic position in HIV datasets from Africa. Several studies have shown higher HIV prevalence among more educated groups, but this may change over time. We describe changes in HIV prevalence by educational attainment in Tanzania from 2003 to 2007. …

  15. Schools Against AIDS: Secondary School Enrollment and Cross-National Disparities in AIDS Death Rates

    Although AIDS is a leading cause of death worldwide, the consequences of the pandemic are remarkably unequally distributed cross-nationally. This unequal global distribution of AIDS deaths should be of interest to sociologists because of the potential role of structural forces in accounting for these disparities. Yet, there has been relatively little sociological research on this topic. Using underutilized cross national data on AIDS deaths, this study examines the macro-level sources of variation in AIDS death rates across 115 countries. …

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