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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Parliamentary Handbook on HIV and AIDS

    This handbook will reinforce the work of the Cambodia National Assembly and Senate in response to the epidemic, in which they have been engaged since 2006 with the support of UNAIDS and UNDP. Unlike any other contemporary pandemic, HIV and AIDS cannot be seen as merely a health concern for a population. Governments must recognize the complex economic, social and humanitarian pressures that come with a maturing and evolving epidemic. Without this recognition Cambodia may see the successes of the past quickly erode. …

  2. CAPACITY project final report (30 September 2004 - 29 September 2009)

    This document describes the CAPACITY Project (Central Asian Program on AIDS Control in vulnerable populations), USAID's premier HIV and AIDS project for Central Asia. This project was awarded in September 2004 and was implemented for the five year period ending in September 2009. CAPACITY covered the five former Soviet Central Asian Republics Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and included four strategic directions. …

  3. Youth sexuality: confronting HIV/AIDS

    Los jóvenes y el VIH/sida en América Latina. Descripción general de su situación y las políticas que sugiere la International Planned Parenthood Federation para, junto a ellos, responder a la epidemia de VIH/sida. Se describen también enfoques y acciones realizadas por esta organización.

  4. Bio-behavioral study conducted among young people and most at risk populations for HIV infection in Republic of Macedonia in 2007

    This report represents the findings of the second cross-sectional study conducted in 2006, one years after the first study. The behavioral study is conducted among Intravenous Drug Users, Sex Workers, Men having Sex with Men, prisoners, STI patients including the group of young people aged 15-24 and Roma population.

  5. Characterizing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa: time for strategic action

    Despite a fair amount of progress on understanding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemiology globally, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is the only region where knowledge of the epidemic continues to be very limited, and subject to much controversy. This report addresses this dearth of strategic information on HIV infections in MENA through a joint effort of the World Bank, the MENA Regional Support Team (RST) of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) of the World Health Organization (WHO). …

  6. Combining Community Approaches and Government Policy to Prevent HIV Infection in the Dominican Republic

    A recent Horizons study conducted jointly with two Dominican NGO - Centro de Orientación e Investigación Integral (COIN) and Centro de Promoción e Solidaridad Humana (CEPROSH) - and the National Program for the Control of STDs and AIDS (DIGECITSS) assessed the impact of two environmental-structural models in reducing HIV-related risk among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic and compared their cost-effectiveness. …

  7. UNAIDS action framework on universal access for men who have sex with men and for transgender people

    The goal of this framework is to enable UNAIDS to facilitate and support the achievement of universal access to appropriate HIV prevention, care, treatment and support for men who have sex with men and transgender people. The UNAIDS Secretariat and the UNAIDS cosponsors recognize that universal access to appropriate HIV programmes for men who have sex with men and transgender people is a crucial part of achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support as a whole. …

  8. HIV transmission in intimate partner relationships in Asia

    This document from the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) examines one aspect of HIV transmission in Asia: women at risk of acquiring HIV because they are intimate partners of men with high-risk behaviors. The term "HIV transmission in intimate partner relationships" is used to describe the transmission of HIV to women from their long-term male partners who inject drugs, have sex with other men, or are clients of sex workers.

  9. HIV and AIDS in Asia and the Pacific: a review of progress towards universal access

    This document reviews progress made in the Asian and Pacific region in line with international commitments, with particular attention to the Universal Access targets developed for low and concentrated epidemic countries in Asia and the Pacific through regional and civil society consultations in 2006. Based on these findings, the paper also reviews the main challenges and identifies ways forward in scaling up the response to HIV. …

  10. Law, policy and HIV in Asia and the Pacific: Implications on the vulnerability of men who have sex with men, female sex workers and injecting drug users

    HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, care and surveillance among most-at-risk-populations (MARP) are impacted by national laws and policies. Laws criminalizing behaviours of most-at-risk populations, as well as the absence of protective policies and laws (for example, harm reduction policies, national HIV policies, HIV laws, and constitutional and international provisions supporting human rights) all act as barriers to effective HIV interventions, thus increasing the vulnerability of these groups. …

  11. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  12. Assessment of Utilization of the HIV Interventions by Sex Workers in Selected Brothels in Bangladesh

    This study aims to examine changes in knowledge, attitude and behavioural practices of the female sex workers (FSWs) for STI and HIV and AIDS prevention and to understand the socio-cultural context for these changes in the selected brothels. It shows that the peer educators were found to be acceptable and credible facilitators to the FSWs in brothels. It shows that FSWs' high knowledge of STIs/HIV/AIDS was not always supported by the skills to negotiate with the clients. Therefore, more life skills training and role-playing exercises will be part of the training program for the FSWs. …

  13. Rapid assessment and response on HIV/AIDS among especially vulnerable young people in Serbia

    The Rapid Assessment and Response on HIV/AIDS among Especially Vulnerable Young People Project (RAR) in Serbia is a part of a regional UNICEF project simultaneously implemented in five countries of South Eastern Europe. …

  14. Families and children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children in Papua New Guinea: a national situation analysis

    This study provides an overview of the situation of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS, and of other vulnerable children. Its purpose is to assist the Government, civil society organisations and development partners in the development of policies and programmes for on-going support, and in the monitoring of community-based assistance to families and children affected by HIV/AIDS. The study is a joint project of the Department for Community Development and the National AIDS Council, supported by civil society organisations and UNICEF.

  15. The national HIV/AIDS behaviour change communication strategy 2009-2014

    The National Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) Strategy (2009-2014) will enable all implementing partners to develop and implement more effective HIV interventions by strengthening the BCC capacity of their program managers. It will also provide a strategic focus to planning BCC for a harmonised and coordinated response at all levels. This revised document builds on the National Prevention Plan for Nigeria, launched in 2008, which seeks to provide states with a minimum package of prevention activities. …

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