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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. How to prevent and tackle bullying and school violence: evidence and practices for strategies for inclusive and safe schools

    The aim of this report is to inform policy-makers and practitioners at EU, national, regional and local level on the most effective strategies and practices for preventing bullying and violence in schools across the EU. It examines evidence from European and international research, reviews national practices and the work of civil society organisations with regard to school bullying and violence.

  2. A systematic review: costing and financing of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) in schools

    Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing and budgeting has been named as a key barrier for integrating successful and sustainable WASH programs into school settings. …

  3. Bullying, identity and school performance: evidence from Chile

    This article examines the relationship among bullying, individual’s identity, and school performance in Chile. The results indicate that being a bully or a bully-victim increases the probability of being a low performing student. For the case of victims, our results suggest a heterogeneity according students’ ability, decreasing academic achievement for students with below average ability, but increasing it for very high achieving students. We also found that students claiming to belong to a subculture characterized by a defiant attitude towards authority have lower academic achievement. …

  4. HIV and social protection assessment tool: generating evidence for policy and action on HIV and social protection

    The HIV and social protection assessment tool is used for a quick scan of existing social protection programmes and their sensitivity (or lack of) to the HIV response in a given country and location. Additional follow-up and research that engages the different critical actors, including HIV programme managers, social protection administrators, beneficiaries and civil society representatives, may be necessary in some contexts. The assessment provides countries and communities with tailored analysis on HIV and social protection. …

  5. Health barriers to learning: the prevalence and educational consequences in disadvantaged children: a review of the literature

    This report describes the Health Barriers to Learning and the supporting evidence base for their impact on academic success. It also describes the disproportionate prevalence of HBLs in disadvantaged children, the extent of unmet need for services for identification, management and treatment, and each HBL’s impact on learning. Screening and management for each of these should be essential to supporting school and learning readiness. …

  6. Integrating HIV and AIDS into the curriculum at the University of Pretoria: time for transformation?

    This study set out to explore whether and how HIV and AIDS have been integrated into curricula at UP over a period of 15 years and what the future of HIV Curriculum Integration (HCI) might be. Recent student protests served to challenge the relevance of HCI, and emphasise the importance of considering how best to approach HCI, and how to relate HCI to issues such as power, race, gender and institutional culture. …

  7. Generating evidence to meet the sexual and reproductive health needs of students at Kenyatta University and beyond

    This research brief describes two evidence-generation efforts undertaken by the Evidence to Action Project (E2A), of which IntraHealth is a partner, and Kenyatta University, along with support from Pathfinder International, Kenya, from 2015-2016. The first evidence-generation effort involved an assessment of select KU service delivery statistics, and the second was a qualitative research study on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs, attitudes, preferences, and behaviors of KU students. …

  8. Caught in culture? Cultural transformation through HIV/AIDS prevention education in Zambia

    The study explores the role and contribution of education in developing a localized and relevant HIV/AIDS prevention strategy through a multi-voiced approach, involving the educational institutions, as well as the traditional leaders, community-members, including parents. The study comprised all public schools in one Zambian province from 2002-2008. The study explores, among other factors, the role of traditional culture in mitigating and exacerbating the spread of the disease. …

  9. Systematic review and meta-analysis: prevalence of alcohol use among young people in eastern Africa

    The study’s objective is the systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies of alcohol use among young people (age 15–24 years) in eastern Africa to estimate prevalence of alcohol use and determine the extent of use of standardised screening questionnaires in alcohol studies. Based on the review results, the authors draw the conclusion that alcohol use and problem drinking were common among diverse groups of young people in eastern Africa, indicating the urgent need for alcohol-focused interventions in this population. …

  10. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health: an evidence gap map

    This report presents the findings of an evidence gap map that assesses the evidence available on the effects of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) programming in low- and middle-income countries. It documents the methods used to create the map and examines evidence clusters and gaps identified in it. While there is considerable amount of impact evaluation evidence, it addresses only some of the priority questions within this broad topic. The greatest prevalence of evidence is on sexual health education and other instruction within and outside of the classroom. …

  11. Understanding teenage fertility, cohabitation, and marriage: the case of Peru

    This paper intends to contribute to the economic literature that investigates the origins of teenage pregnancy and early marriage/co habitation in Peru and to improve understanding of the risk factors of one important gender-related issue that has historically provoked asymmetric costs for boys and girls. …

  12. Afghanistan: demographic and health survey 2015

    The primary objective of the 2015 AfDHS project is to provide up-to-date estimates of basic demographic and health indicators. Specifically, the AfDHS collected information on knowledge and practice of family planning, fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, child feeding practices, nutritional status of children and women, childhood mortality, maternal and child health, awareness and attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS, knowledge about other illnesses (e.g., tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C), women’s empowerment and domestic violence. …

  13. Connect with Respect: Classroom Program for Prevention of Gender-based Violence, Thailand Training Workshop, Bangkok, 11-12 November, 2016

    Connect with Respect: Preventing Gender-based Violence in Schools is a classroom program for preventing school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) in the context of lower secondary schools. It was designed through a collaboration led by the East Asia and Pacific United Nations Girls Education Initiative (UNGEI) SRGBV working group, with participation from Plan International, UN Women, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). …

  14. Conceptual framework for measuring school-related gender-based violence: EdData II: Data for Education Research and Programming (DERP) in Africa

    This conceptual framework and toolkit for measuring SRGBV is a contribution to the second objective of OASIS: strengthening the capacity of USAID and other stakeholders to address and monitor SRGBV. This document provides detailed definitions of the different types of SRGBV for the purpose of measurement, while harmonizing some of the methods of inquiry and measurement tools necessary to further build an evidence base on the topic. This document provides precise definitions of the various acts of violence and abuse that constitute SRGBV for clarity of measurement.

  15. Compendium of case studies: partnerships for the health and well-being of our young and future generations

    This compendium of case studies and case stories has been compiled to demonstrate examples of cooperation between (1) the health and education sectors and (2) the health and social sectors within the WHO European Region. The purpose of the compendium is to serve as a tool to support countries in implementing appropriate intersectoral policies and interventions to improve the health and well-being of children and adolescents and mitigate health inequalities among children. …

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