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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Taking action: gender-based violence in and around school in Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    This report maps out a plan of action - action spaces - for addressing gender-based violence drawing from fieldwork in Swaziland and Zimbabwe in the last quarter of 2003. While there are a number of sectors that can play a major role in working to combat gender-based violence, the education sector is of particular importance. As long as girls are denied their rights to safe and secure environments for living and learning, universal access to quality education cannot be guaranteed. …

  2. Stop violence against girls in school

    Violence is a major barrier to education for millions of girls across the globe. The prevalence of violence against girls affects both their rights to education and their rights in education, and is the focus of a new ActionAid International advocacy initiative. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including Goal 2 (universal primary education) and Goal 3 (gender equality), make no explicit mention of violence against girls as a critical structural barrier to education (UN 2000). …

  3. HIV/AIDS and gender-based violence: who has the power? A challenge for school management in South African schools

    The crucial distinction between power and force in relation to aggressive masculinity needs to be analysed and understood if preventative intervention is to be successful in the fight against HIV/AIDS. This aggressive masculinity undermines the concepts of negotiation and communication emphasized within most prevention programmes. Two related interventions developed by the Canada South Africa Education Management Programme are also described in the paper.

  4. Conspiracy of silence? Stamping out abuse in African Schools

    This article promotes the need to urgently look at the scope of sexual abuse occurring in schools and its significant repercussions. Emphasizes need for standard procedures governing how schools address allegations and treat survivors of this violence. Summarizes research in SSA that looks at role of school culture and society in defining gender identities, the centrality of violence in adolescent sexual relationships and in schools and the contradicting messages of empowerment in schools health curricula against the behaviours with the school itself.

  5. Safe haven for girls: can teachers challenge gender violence?

    Introduces a manual developed for South Africa on how to hold 8 interactive workshops with school management to increase awareness and mobilise action towards gender violence in schools. This paper discusses current challenges for government to prioritise the problem including making it part of the national curriculum

  6. Criminal justice: tackling sexual abuse in schools

    This paper summarises major findings from a Human Rights Watch report that documents the scope of sexual violence in South African schools. It identifies the lack of accountability among school officials, police and prosecutors which leaves perpetrators unpunished. It encourages governments to create and enforce guidelines for appropriate responses to sexual violence in schools.

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