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This paper discusses the Tunis Declaration on AIDS and the Child in Africa made by the OAU Heads of State. In spite of previous concerted actions by the OAU Heads of State with regards to HIV/AIDS, the magnitude of the problem of the HIV infection and AIDS in most African countries is on the increase especially among African children who are the most vulnerable group. This fact and accompanying considerations are discussed.
This strategic framework highlights the areas in which knowledge gaps and research information needs exist in Africa's fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It seeks to prioritize these needs so as to optimize the use of research funds in the development of higher impact interventions, effective service delivery systems and better monitoring and evaluation.
This paper describes some of the conceptual and methodological issues encountered in the course of a study of mainly anthropological secondary source materials on sexual behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa. Its aim was to survey and review existing literature and other secondary sources available both outside and within Anglophone sub-Saharan Africa and to evaluate their usefulness to AIDS research and prevention. The review cautioned against the uncritical use of anthropological sources without due regard for their conceptual and methodological status. …
The division of Education produced this manual for the Quality of Life - Programme of Education for the Prevention of AIDS. This selection of extracts from Teachers guides is intended to give teachers an idea of the variety of possible approaches to school information and Education for AIDS prevention, according to the social-cultural context.
This monograph provides insight into the documentation and publications existing throughout the world on information and education for the prevention of AIDS. This is directed at teachers, specialized educators, social workers and all responsible for educational activities and are facing problems of didactics and pedagogical methods with respect to the prevention of AIDS.
This is a report of a workshop for Grassroots Women's Organisation in Africa and was organised in Abidjan from 7-11 September 1998 by UNESCO in co-operation with UNAIDS Regional HIV Development Project. The overall objectives were to reduce the rate of HIV transmission among African women by rendering them capable of protecting themselves through a reinforced awareness, and by giving them appropriate knowledge and skills. This report is written in English and French.
This UNESCO guide is a collection of examples of "best practices" in HIV/AIDS preventive education for African women especially the illiterate and the semi-literate. It is the result of contributions from some twenty coordinators of African women's grassroots organisations, specialists and national and international experts involved in HIV/AIDS preventive education.
The contents of this book are drawn from contributions to the Global Conference on School Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention. Its objectives are to strengthen the awareness of teachers and education personnel on the importance of developing school health and HIV/AIDS prevention curricula, to show the specific roles of schools in promoting health, especially in relation to HIV prevention and HIV related discrimination and to develop school health especially AIDS issues.
This paper examines the concept of strengthening community action within the context of HIV prevention. There is evidence of the potential role of community participation in HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts. This paper examines problems and prospects for participation in HIV prevention strategies among commercial sex workers in Madras. It is based on the experiences of a pilot project established by the Tamil Nadu State Government AIDS Cell and WHO.
This is a review that examines one area that has received insufficient attention in HIV prevention i.e. influencing the social and environmental determinants of risk or what is referred to as: "enabling approaches".
An article on the belief that AIDS is a form of genocide targeted at the black population is prevalent in black communities in the United States. Public health authorities are distrusted, in part because of the legacy of the Tuskegee study of untreated syphilis, a perceived racist experiment. For effective interventions to prevent the transmission of HIV in black communities, genocidal fears and beliefs must be addressed and black community leaders should be involved in planning and implementation.
This is a cross-sectional study to determine modern contraceptive use among women aged between 15 and 19 years. This study was carried out between September and October of 1991 in five East, Central and Southern African countries, both in urban and rural areas.
What people do when they have symptoms or suspicion of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) has major implications for transmission and, consequently, for disease control. Delays in seeking and obtaining diagnosis and treatment can allow for continued transmission and the greater probability of adverse sequelae. An understanding of health seeking behaviour is therefore important if STD control programmes are to be effective. However, taboos and stigma related to sex and STD in most cultures mean that gaining a true picture is difficult and requires considerable cultural sensitivity. …
The Tonga of Southern Zambia usually refer to a traditional disease, Kahungo, when talking about AIDS. Such an association of AIDS with a traditional disease could easily be interpreted as a cultural obstacle to an understanding of AIDS and thus to a change of behaviour. However, a close investigation shows that this association is not the result of categorical thinking, but rather of narrative logic. What people are actually articulating when they associate AIDS with kahungo is a narrative about order, disorder and respect for existing rules and values of the society. …
An AIDS education programme was developed and evaluated in a high school in a socio-economically disadvantaged, urban, African area in South Africa. The programme, which addressed the whole school community, aimed to raise awareness about AIDS using a variety of educational methods and operating through a number of channels. Students and teachers were actively involved in its design and implementation. …