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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gendered School Experiences: the impact on retention and achievement in Bostwana and Ghana

    This report is based on a study to explore the formal and the informal school environment in a number of junior secondary schools in Bostwana and Ghana, and the part that this plays in perpetuating gender differentiation in retention and achievement. The two countries were selected for their different gendered patterns of retention and achievement. In Ghana, nationally girls' enrolment, retention and achievement were lower than boys and in Bostwana girls' enrolment and retention were marginally higher but achievement marginally lower. …

  2. HIV and AIDS Preventive Education: A Training Programme for Teacher Educators in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This is a training manual designed for teacher educators in Sub-Saharan Africa. The training manual is a response to the challenge of controlling the spread of HIV and AIDS Sub-Saharan Africa. It contains the basic facts and information needed in the acquisition of knowledge and the development of attitudes, values, skills and practices related to the prevention and control of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The manual is presented in 8 modules which aim to provide teacher educators with an experience of engaging in a participatory teaching HIV and AIDS Prevention Education. …

  3. Gender Inequalities in primary Schooling: The roles of poverty and adverse cultural practice

    This paper suggests a simple model for the relationships between poverty, schooling and gender inequality. It argues that poverty at both national and household levels is associated with an under-enrolment of school age children, but that the gendered outcomes of such under enrolment are the product of cultural practice, rather than poverty per se. Using detailed case study material from two African countries, evidence is presented to show the variety and extent of adverse cultural practice which impede the attendance and performance of girls at school, relative to boys. …

  4. HIV/AIDS in Tertiary institutions in Ghana (Draft)

    This draft report looks at the effects of HIV/AIDS in tertiary institutions in Ghana. The study investigates the manner in which HIV/AIDS has affected personnel, operations and use of resources at selected tertiary institutions in Ghana; how institutions have responded and measures they were taking to control and limit further infection; the developments in teaching, research, publications and advisory services which institutions have initiated because of the infection, and the extent to which institutions propose to respond to the negative impact of HIV/AIDS. …

  5. HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination: A conceptual framework and agenda for action

    Efforts to tackle stigma and discrimination have been constrained by the complexity and deep rooted nature of the problem. This paper argues that we need a new way of thinking about stigma and discrimination to improve our ability both to analyze the processes that produce stigma and discrimination and to address these processes. We need to acknowledge the way in which HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination interact with and reinforce pre-existing stigma and discrimination associated with sexuality, gender, race, and poverty. …

  6. HIV/AIDS and child labour in Zambia: A rapid assessment on the case of the Lusaka, Copperbelt and Eastern Provinces No.5

    This is a report that aims at examining correlations between the HIV AIDS pandemic and child labour in Zambia. It assesses the extend to which HIV AIDS has had an impact on child labour. It analyses the impact of HIV/AIDS related child labour on the welfare of children, health, education. It assesses gender issues, survival strategies of girls and boys, child labourers awareness and knowledge of HIV. The data is useful for policy and provides intervention strategies on behalf of child labourers. This research was conducted in three provinces; Copperbelt, Eastern, and Lusaka. …

  7. The Impact of Adult Mortality on Primary School Enrollment in Northwestern Tanzania

    This report is on a study which responds to the call for greater analysis of the problem in different country contexts by examining the impact of adult mortality and orphan status on primary school enrollment in Tanzania. Findings include that enrollment rates for both primary and secondary schooling in Tanzania are below the average for Africa and secondary enrollment rate among the lowest in the world. …

  8. The Implications of HIV/AIDS Education on TVET

    This article is focussed on the factors that contribute to the spread of HIV and their implications to the quality of life in TVET systems. It highlights the need for integrating HIV/AIDS education with technical and vocational curricula so that the product of the TVET system is a total human being, one who is able to deal effectively with social pressures and economic hardships without resorting to risky behaviour that would make him an unproductive member of society.

  9. The Social, Demographic and Development Impact of HIV/AIDS: Commonwealth Universities Respond

    This is a workshop report on Commonwealth universities and the HIV/AIDS pandemic held in Durban, South Africa. The report highlights various presentaions from various stakeholders on the scale of the problem facing commonwealth universities, an overview of epidemiological factors revealing something in the nature of HIV, experiences of institutions in Bostwana, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. The two day workshop concluded with a draft policy paper for Commonwealth universities to consider in making their responses to the HIV/AIDS eidemic.

  10. Uniting for Equality Conference Report

    This is a report of the International Conference for People Living with HIV/AIDS in Warsaw, Poland in August 1999. The conference was attended by 470 women and men from 58 countries. The four Warsaw conference themes were; Building an effective global advocacy agenda, Microbicides and women, Creating guidelines for donating medicines; Looking at the impact of the conference in central and Eastern Europe. The report celebrates the strengths of global community of PLWHAs. …

  11. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: International Guidelines

    This is a document highlighting international guidelines set at the Second International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights which was organized by United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. The guidelines offered, provide concrete measures that could be taken to protect human rights and health were HIV/AIDS is concerned. …

  12. Share Rights-Shared Responsibilities

    The consultation was organized to explore the specific needs of ethnic minority communities in European countries for culturally and linguistically appropriate HIV/AIDS and sexual health services. Further, it aimed to develop a context for collaborative and integrated approaches towards improving and enhancing such services. …

  13. Aspects of the Law Relating to AIDS: HIV/AIDS and Discrimination in Schools

    This is a report which contains background information on HIV/AIDS and Education issues in South Africa. Contained in this report are copies of media statements on HIV/AIDS and schools, an extract from a working paper which discusses issues on HIV/AIDS and schools and preliminary recommendations, an extract from a committee paper, the South African Schools Act, 1996 and the National Education Policy Act of 1996.

  14. What do we mean by HIV/AIDS and Education? A Draft Construct

    This is a paper articulating HIV and Education and attempts to set out particular significant issues for education practitioners and researchers. Issues discussed range from education and training, management, policy and planning issues, educator development and support issues, gender concerns to international agreements, legislation and human rights issues. Conclusion is that the broader concept of HIV and education means that in practice, each educator is responsible in their own domain to make sense of what is happening and to react appropriately.

  15. HIV/AIDS, Poverty and Education: The circle of hope and despair

    This article concerns the impact that HIV/Aids, as a pandemic, is having on education, within the context of the poverty discourse. It considers the scale and scope of the pandemic and its anticipated impact on education systems in heavily-infected sub-Saharan countries. It looks for lessons derived from twenty years of coping with HIV/Aids in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. …

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