Cadernos de Saude Publica
Health education has long been seen as vital to curb the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Schools in Mexico had integrated topics related to sexuality and HIV/AIDS into school health programs, but this led to resistance from certain political and social actors. This literature review clarifies this debate during the last period of educational reform in Mexico. Opponents of school-based sexuality and HIV/AIDS programs based their arguments on tradition and that they are against modernization and secularization of social life. Some did not want these topics discussed at all, and some raised conditions under which the education should be provided. In response, the Mexican government partially changed the content of their textbooks. The review also analyzes the repercussions of this move on stopping the HIV epidemic.
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