Washington DC: Advocates for Youth, 2011. 16 p.
Advocates for Youth
In 1994, delegations assembled in Cairo from 179 member states and from thousands of NGOs for the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). Member states negotiated a 20-year action plan to develop a “new era of population” by 2015. The ICPD Programme of Action (also known as the Cairo Consensus) placed the individual needs and rights of men and, especially, women as the single most important factor for governments in determining population and development policies and strategies. This demonstrated a shift from the previous focus on achieving demographic targets. Concrete goals of the Programme of Action centered on: providing universal education; reducing infant, child and maternal mortality; and ensuring universal access by 2015 to reproductive health care including, family planning, assisted childbirth and prevention of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. As such, ICPD provided a policy framework and practical guidelines for national and international action to improve the situation of youth.Since 1994, the United Nations Commission on Population and Development (CPD) has had the primary role of following-up on the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action, including monitoring, reviewing, and assessing its implementation at the national, regional and international levels. The CPD holds annual sessions to review progress by Member States and identify challenges to achieving the ICPD goals. Every five years since the ICPD, the CPD has also carried out more comprehensive review sessions to examine all aspects of the ICPD Programme of Action. These sessions are known as the ICPD + 5, ICPD + 10, and ICPD + 15, which were held in 1999, 2004, and 2009, respectively. At each meeting resolutions are adopted, which are significant because they not only reaffirm or restate language on youth from past resolutions, but they can establish new targets or priorities for Member States. This document examines each resolution since the first ICPD in 1994 and identifies all language specific to young people.
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