Calverton, Maryland: ICF Macro, 2009. 133 p.
Mishra, Vinod
Agrawal, Praween
Alva, Soumya
Gu, Yuan
Wang, Shanxiao
United States Agency for International Development, USAID
ICF Macro
DHS Comparative Reports No. 24
The purpose of this study is to provide strategic information on key HIV-related indicators for program managers and policymakers to monitor and evaluate prevention programs and to design new strategies. The report summarizes levels and recent changes in 69 indicators of HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of women and men age 15-49 in 23 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Data come from the two most recent rounds of population-based, nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted between 1992 and 2006. Notably, the study finds evidence of improvements in HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes but also highlights persistent high levels of sexual risk-taking and very low levels of voluntary counseling and testing coverage and condom use. These findings make a case for strengthening prevention programs in sub-Saharan Africa with a range of efforts to promote safer sexual behavior.
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