Calverton, Maryland: ICF Macro, 2009. 133 p.
United States Agency for International Development, USAID
DHS Comparative Reports No. 24
The purpose of this study is to provide strategic information on key HIV-related indicators for program managers and policymakers to monitor and evaluate prevention programs and to design new strategies. The report summarizes levels and recent changes in 69 indicators of HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of women and men age 15-49 in 23 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Data come from the two most recent rounds of population-based, nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted between 1992 and 2006. Notably, the study finds evidence of improvements in HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes but also highlights persistent high levels of sexual risk-taking and very low levels of voluntary counseling and testing coverage and condom use. These findings make a case for strengthening prevention programs in sub-Saharan Africa with a range of efforts to promote safer sexual behavior.
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