Geneva: ILO, International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), 2002. 72 p.
Paper No. 1
A review of policies, programmes and projects in South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia to identify good practices
The HIV/AIDS pandemic adds a new and tragic dimension to the worst forms of child labour. With the death of one or both parents from HIV/AIDS, millions of children have been orphaned. Millions more will be. Many of these children will find security in the households of relatives. Others, however, will drop out of school, looking for work to survive. An especially harsh burden is placed on the shoulders of the girl child, who often has to provide care and household services for the entire family. Even children cared for by grandparents or other relatives may have to work to assist guardians and siblings.This review of national HIV/AIDS and child labour policies and programmes, NGO projects, and community-based initiatives in three African countries illuminates the harsh realities of the link between child labour and HIV/AIDS. But the real value of the report lies in identifying the broad range of responses, large and small, to these intersecting issues. In South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania and the Republic of Zambia, governments, employers, trade unions, and civil society groups at large, demonstrate that much has been learned about addressing HIV/AIDS and child labour. From national policies to community-level interventions to withdraw children from life on the street, a growing number of good practices are worthy of closer study, further testing, and eventual replication.
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