UNAIDS, 2001. 50 p.
The Gender and AIDS Almanac adopts a gender-based approach to the study of HIV/AIDS in order to examine how socially defined gender roles influence HIV/AIDS prevention, transmission, and care. Such an approach can provide insight into the factors that contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS either directly or indirectly. Although this almanac was designed specifically for use by development practitioners and policy makers, it can also be useful to a variety of audiences. This almanac begins by describing HIV and AIDS, explaining how HIV is transmitted, and discussing the populations that are most severly affected. The issues of prevention and care are presented, with a particular focus on how efforts are targeted to specific genders. The final section of the almanac looks at the various factors that contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS, such as social status, poverty, politics, culture, violence, and sex exploitation. In addition, the impact that HIV/AIDS has on society is also discussed, including how the lives of young people have been affected.
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