UNDP, 2009. 78 p.
This study presents evidence linking the spread of HIV with gender inequality in law and in custom in Pacific Island countries and territories. It suggests recommendations based on the findings, proposing policy responses and programme approaches which can and should be fundamental to fighting the spread of HIV in Pacific Island countries and territories. Among the key issues identified through this work: - Gender still does not get adequate attention in HIV programming despite the fact that it has long been recognised as being fundamental; - The spread of HIV is closely associated with the different and unequal circumstances of women and men and the power imbalances between them which result in different forms of gender-based discrimination against women. The report presents statistics and description of existing attitudes. In all Pacific Island countries, risky sexual behaviour is a major factor in the spread of HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), especially the sexual behaviour of men who have more social power and sexual license than women. The report presents some recommandations founded on the constatation that any current HIV messages and approaches are less effective because they are not sufficiently gender responsive and culturally inappropriate.
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