UNDP, UNAIDS, 2008. 31 p.
The purpose of this guidance is to promote increased and improved action on the intersecting issues of AIDS and gender inequality at country level, emphasizing three cross-cutting key principles: know your epidemic; ensure that responses are evidence-informed; and root strategies, policies and programmes in human rights. The guidance encourages countries to understand how harmful gender norms and gender inequality contribute to the spread of HIV, and how HIV differentially affects women, men, girls and boys. It also points to the specific impact of gender norms on HIV amongst men who have sex with men, which affect this population directly as well as contributing to the broader epidemic, because many men have sex with both men and women. The guidance also emphasises that setting gender and AIDS programme priorities will vary according to a country's epidemic situation and local contexts.áIt focuses on three broad objectives with seven corresponding recommendations for stakeholders, to expand and strengthen action on gender equality within national AIDS responses: Objective 1: Know your country's epidemic and current response in gender terms; Objective 2: Plan, implement and evaluate specific actions to advance gender equality, and ensure that appropriate attention be given to gender across your multisectoral AIDS programmes; Objective 3: Build capacity and mutually reinforce links between action on AIDS and broader action to achieve gender-equality goals.
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