Pretoria: University of Pretoria, 2004. 36 p.
University of Pretoria, Centre for the Study of AIDS
University of Pretoria, Centre for Human Rights
HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in SADC
This country report on HIV/AIDS and human rights in Swaziland is the result of a one-year joint project between the Centre for the Study of AIDS and the Centre for Human Rights, both based at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. The research project was made possible through funds provided by the Open Society Foundation. This report is one of a series of eight reports focusing on HIV/AIDS and human rights in the following countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC): Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. These countries have some of the highest and fastest growing rates of HIV/AIDS infection in the world, with the number of reported cases of HIV infection having tripled since the mid-1980s.This research project was inspired by the need to develop a new approach to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the SADC, an approach that is rights-based and that guarantees basic human rights to all people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS in the region. The study was guided by the document HIV/AIDS and Human Rights - International Guidelines of 1996, adopted by UNAIDS and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. The aim of this research report, within the SADC HIV/AIDS Framework for 2000-2004, is to assist decision-makers to make informed policy choices for individual SADC countries. It is also intended for legislators, the judiciary, members of non-governmental organisations and people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS. All of these groups need: firstly, to be informed about those human rights in the context of HIV/AIDS that are already protected within their countries; secondly, to be able to identify areas where there is a gap and a need to lobby for change; and finally, to initiate change in an effort to move towards a rights-based approach to HIV/AIDS.
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