Bangkok: UNRTF, 2008. 39 p.
Canadian International Development Agency
In South-East Asia, mobility is a growing phenomenon and a major concern due to the high vulnerability to HIV of mobile populations. The dynamics of population movement have evolved in South-East Asia over the last decade, and are in a phase of acceleration due to multiple factors including geopolitical and socio-economic changes, infrastructure development and closer cooperation among ASEAN Member Countries. Whether mobility is internal or cross-border, whether it is voluntary or forced, this increasing population movement generates particular conditions and circumstances that render migrants vulnerable and at risk of HIV infection. Largely due to growing political and economic integration in South-East Asia, the region is witnessing a steady increase in the millions who migrate between ASEAN Member Countries annually in search of employment. Migrants are a growing and essential part of the workforce in more economically developed countries in the region and beyond in some cases. Remittances from these workers to their families represent a significant portion of the national GDP (14.5% in the Philippines, according to World Bank 2006) and balance of payments. This document presents the key findings and recommendations of a rapid assessment conducted on HIV and mobility issues in the 10 ASEAN Member Countries in 2007-2008. It includes the migration patterns and HIV situation across the region, and the challenges and opportunities facing South-East Asian countries as they work together to develop a comprehensive response to HIV for migrant and mobile populations.
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