New York: United Nations, 2003. 166 p.
United Nations Secretariat. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division
The impact of HIV/AIDS on populations.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is one of the major development challenges facing the developing countries today. HIV/AIDS is directly threatening the achievement of the eight Millennium Development Goals set by the international community in September 2000. In addition to the specific goal of combating HIV/AIDS, the pandemic puts at risk the goals of eradicating poverty, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, ensuring environmental sustainability and creating a global partnership for development.Soon after the onset of the epidemic, the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs began to study the demography of HIV/AIDS and incorporated the impact of HIV/AIDS into the estimates and projections of national populations. In a continuing effort to expand its activities related to the pandemic, the Population Division has also studied the HIV/AIDS behaviour and awareness and has conducted a review study on the impact of AIDS on fertility.The present report considers the broader impact of HIV/AIDS on development. The report provides reviews of the impact of AIDS on households, firms, agriculture, health, education and macro-economy.
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