2009. 226 p.
United States Agency for International Development, USAID
International Center for Research on Women, ICRW
The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. That said, we know little about how implementers use gender-based programs to improve HIV services, and even less about how programs integrate multiple gender strategies to mitigate women's and men's vulnerability to infection. To begin filling these gaps, this compendium of selected HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa that integrate multiple gender strategies, was created. The gender strategies are the following: reducing violence and sexual coercion; addressing male norms and behaviors; increasing women's legal protection; increasing women's access to income and productive resources.
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