Washington: United States Agency for International Development, USAID, 2003. 80 p.
Tiendrebéogo, Georges
Meijer, Suzanne
Engleberg, Gary
Academy for Educational Development, AED. Africa Bureau Information Center
United States Agency for International Development, USAID
SD Publication Series, Technical paper No. 119
Life Skills and HIV Education Curricula in Africa: Methods and Evaluations is a study commissioned by the basic education team of the U.S Agency for International Development Africa Bureau's Office of Sustainable Development (USAID/AFR/SD) in 2003. Today, most of the HIV/AIDS prevention intervention in sub-Saharan Africa focused on disseminating information and discouraging risky sexual practices. Generally, such campaigns merely improve young people's knowledge about HIV/AIDS; they seldom strengthen attitudes and intentions favouring HIV/AIDS prevention, let alone lead to risk-reducing behaviour. In contrast are innovative interventions such as skills-bases health education for HIV prevention, referred to here as Life Skills programs. These are designed to: reinforce adolescents' personal risk perception, self-esteem, and self-efficacy; provide them with skills in such areas as assertiveness, communication, and decision-making, as well as coping with peer pressure and emotions; and install compassion and anti discrimination. These skills enable young people to translate information about HIV/AIDS into protective behaviours. The purpose of this study is to compile lessons learned from Life Skills programs in sub-Saharan Africa by renewing evaluation reports. However, since few such programs have been evaluated, a theoretical analysis was also made of a sample of curricula used in French-speaking Africa.
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