2010. 7 p.
International Journal of STD & AIDS
Full Text (PDF) acess requires a subscription to International Journal of STD & AIDS Online
The authors conducted the first systematic, community-based, multicity assessment outside of the United States of HIV seroprevalence, risk factors, and linkage to clinical services among 929 street youth. After city-wide mapping, the authors used time-location sampling and randomly selected 74 venues in Odesa, Kyiv and Donetsk, Ukraine. Rapid HIV testing with post-test counseling were offered to all eligible youths ages 15-24 years. Overall, 18.4% were HIV positive and 85% had a previously unknown status. Rates were identical by sex. Subgroups with highest rates included orphans (26%), youth with histories of exchanging sex (35%), youth with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (37%), injection drug users (IDU) (42%), and those who shared needles (49%). Independent predictors, similar across age groups and city, included being orphaned, time on the street, history of anal sex, STIs, exchanging sex, any drug use, IDU, and needle sharing. Two-thirds (68%) of HIV-positive youths were linked to services.
Record created by: