Lusaka: 2005. 55 p.
Zambia. Ministry of Health
In Zambia, HIV/AIDS has also become increasingly wide spread with an estimated adult HIV prevalence of 16 per cent. The peak ages for HIV among females is 25 to 34 years while that for males is 35 to 39 years. Young women aged 15 to 19 are five times more likely to be infected compared to males in the same age group. It is also estimated that 25 per cent of pregnant women are HIV positive and that approximately 40 per cent of babies born to HIV- positive mothers are infected with the HIV virus. As a co-epidemic, TB is one of the most serious public health problems that have been triggered by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Chances of transmission of HIV during unprotected sex rises dramatically if either partner is infected with another sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as syphilis or gonorrhoea. STIs, in fact, constitute one of the major public health problems in Zambia. The Policy provides the framework for addressing the HIV/AIDS/STI/TB situation in Zambia, outlines the causes and factors that perpetuate transmissions, including the debilitating effect on the Zambian population. It also outlines the response and impact mitigation interventions that are already in place, while also stating the vision, measures, institutional and legal frameworks necessary for its implementation.
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