Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, HSRC, 2002. 135 p.
Accurate information on national prevalence, improved understanding of the sociocultural context in which the epidemic occurs, and the relative impact of interventions, are key to mounting an effective response to the epidemic. Cognisant of this, the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund (NMCF) and Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF) commissioned the Human Sciences Research Council to conduct a study to: - Identify prevalent risk factors that predispose South Africans to HIV infections; - Determine HIV prevalence in the population of South Africa using linked anonymous HIV saliva tests; - Link the risk factors with biological measures to determine the association between the two; - Model the prevalence data and forecast probable infection levels for the next ten years (this objective will be reported separately at a later date); - Identify the social, economic, political, structural and cultural contexts within which behaviour occurs, obstacles to risk reduction, and whether current mass media educational efforts take these factors into account; - Determine the extent to which current prevention, education and awareness programmes and campaigns reach all sectors of South African society, including the most vulnerable sectors of the population; - Determine whether media messages are being understood and accepted in the population, and by whom.
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