New Delhi: 2009. 10 p.
India. National AIDS Control Organisation
India. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SAARC Journal of Tuberculosis, Lung Diseases & HIV/AIDS,VI (1),1-11,2009
The primary aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of HIV infection in Nagaland and to study knowledge and attitude of study participants towards HIV/AIDS and related Government programs. A population based survey was carried out during April-October, 2007. Stratified sampling technique was adopted with an anonymous, linked design for HIV testing using Dried Blood Spot Testing Method (Tri-Dot). A total of 1965 households were interviewed in which 5661 eligible respondents (male:15-54 years and female:15-49 years) completed the interview. The total individual response rate was 95.2%. Blood samples were collected from 5637 respondents. Results revealed that the prevalence of HIV was estimated to be 0.74% in Nagaland. Dimapur was identified as the only district where HIV prevalence was higher than 1%. Wokha (0.98%) and Tuensang (0.92%) also had higher prevalence compared to other districts. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention methods and the services available under national HIV/AIDS program was low. Further steps therefore need to be taken to ensure higher utilization of services.
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