Dakar: UNICEF West and Central Africa Regional Office, 2009. 78 p.
Overseas Development Institute, ODI
In this report, the fifth in a series of regional thematic reports produced for a study on social protection and children in West and Central Africa, we focus on children’s vulnerabilities and risks related to an absence of protection from violence, abuse and neglect, and the ways in which measures to address such vulnerabilities and risks can be more effectively integrated into social protection policy frameworks. Many of the vulnerabilities identified stem from social factors such as family violence, break-up or illness and death (e.g. owing to HIV and AIDS); extra-family violence and conflict; social exclusion and discrimination; and harmful traditional practices. After this introductory Section 1, which sets out the analytical framework for the study as a whole, Section 2 of the report provides an overview of the underlying causes of children’s vulnerabilities to violence, abuse and neglect in West and Central Africa, and an analysis of the patterning of these vulnerabilities, including the ways in which they are often exacerbated based on children’s gender, (dis)ability, ethnicity or other factors. Section 3 outlines existing child protection frameworks and systems in the region, while Section 4 looks in more detail at particular child protection services and programmes, analysing factors that facilitate or hinder their effective implementation. The report proposes, in Section 5, a number of possible entry points for greater integration of child protection policies and services with national social protection systems, summarising the main policy implications and conclusions in Section 6. A number of annexes offer further information on: (i) integration of child protection concerns in selected poverty reduction strategy papers (PRSPs); (ii) child protection services for response and reintegration; and (iii) child protection indicators in selected surveys in the region.
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