World Bank, 2010. 4 p.
The RESPECT (Rewarding STI Prevention and Control in Tanzania) study is a randomized controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a system of rapid feedback and positive reinforcement using cash as the primary incentive can be used to reduce risky sexual activity among young people, male and female, who are at high risk of HIV infection. Results indicate that financial incentives - conditional cash transfers paid if the study participants remained negative for a set of curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - could be an effective prevention tool for STIs and possibly HIV.
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