Pretoria: Centre for the Study of AIDS, 2002. 14 p.
University of Pretoria, Centre for the Study of AIDS
United States Agency for International Development, USAID
South Africa. Department of Health, HIV/AIDS and TB Directorate
Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.
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