Thimphu: Ministry of Health, National AIDS and STI Control Programme, 2009. 32 p.
Organizations: 
Bhutan. Ministry of Health, National AIDS and STI Control Programme
Description: 
STIs are important cofactors that facilitate HIV transmission. In countries like Bhutan with low HIV prevalence, a focus on controlling STIs can be an effective strategy for reinforcing prevention and ensuring that conditions remain unfavourable for HIV. STIs are also sensitive markers of sexual transmission. If STI trends are declining, it is likely that prevention programmes are working. If, however, STIs remain high or are increasing, it is likely that prevention programmes are weak, and HIV may also spread rapidly once introduced into the population. The National AIDS and STI Control Programme has made strong initial efforts to strengthen HIV prevention within a broader context of controlling sexually transmitted infections. These efforts have been carried out with active support from several sectors. The primary channels for STI/HIV interventions are health care facilities, multi-sectoral task forces (MSTF) and health information and service centres (HISC). While the first two have broad coverage, the latter is appropriately targeted to a few districts where risk of STIs and potential for HIV transmission are greatest. This technical strategy includes three areas of focus: 1. STI services for the general population; 2. STI services for high-risk groups; 3. Reliable data to guide control efforts.
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Record created by: 
IIEP