Geneva: WHO, 2005. 82 p.
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This toolkit was published in 2005 by the WHO. This toolkit is intended for use by anyone involved in HIV prevention initiatives in sex work settings. The purpose of this toolkit is to make both published and unpublished information more accessible to a wider audience, and so to contribute to global efforts to develop and scale up effective HIV interventions in sex work settings. Most of the items in this toolkit focus on HIV prevention in such settings. Less information is available on treatment, care and support for sex workers living with HIV. The toolkit aims to provide guidance on the development and implementation of effective HIV interventions in diverse sex work settings. It indicates the key steps and issues involved in the development and implementation of interventions and provides links to many documents, manuals, reports, and research studies providing more detailed and in-depth information. The toolkit is divided into the following sections, which provide an introduction to the sex work context and describe the basic steps for the development and implementation of interventions: "Context for HIV interventions in sex work settings" and "Development of interventions". In that section, the categories are defined in order to facilitate the retrieval of relevant information, although there is considerable overlapping between them: category 1 : assessment; category 2: planning and design; category 3 : implementation; category 4 : management; category 5 : training and capacity-building; category 6 : monitoring and evaluation. The diversity of sex work settings requires flexible, locally adapted responses. Experience show that HIV prevention in sex work settings should work toward three main outcomes: increased condom use and safer sex; increased sex worker involvement and control over working and social condition, reduced STI burden. The annex at the end is a list of annotated references, additional resources and case studies.
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