Pretoria: University of Pretoria, Centre for the Study of AIDS, 2005. 92 p.
AIDS Review 2004 addresses the ways in which this epidemic has positioned men and the crucial roles that men can play in the social and political responses to HIV and AIDS. We address the construction of male identities and 'maleness' and the ways in which masculinities and male sexuality has been understood. For too long 'gender' has looked mainly at the position of women in society, addressing women and young girls in ways that position them negatively in relation to the rest of society through descriptions of vulnerability, of powerlessness and of being oppressed by men who have been placed centrally as the major problem in HIV and AIDS. This approach to gender has ensured that the many voices of men have been silenced and that men have been seen as being central to the problem but on the margins of solutions and of social, political and personal behaviour change. (Un)Real AIDS Review 2004 offers a critical debate about the role and position of men in addressing HIV and AIDS. It seeks to explain how various masculinities are constructed and understood and the central role that can be played by men in social and political change, as well as the ways in which an understanding of male sexualities and masculinities will better inform our understanding of how they can be incorporated into an effective response that seeks a better society at all levels and seeks to ensure that men are no longer regarded as a looming threat on the sidelines of our society. (Un)Real debates how men see themselves and their various roles as sexual and social players -as lovers, partners, fathers, brothers, husbands, leaders, as 'real men' and as 'un-real' men.The Review looks at the dominant images of men,at their absences, at issues of dominance, violence and control and at what kind of man is projected by these dominant images and debates. It seeks to challenge those practices of men that impede our response to the fact of HIV and AIDS and focuses on masculinities in the South African context. It argues that at all levels we have created notions of men that are 'un-real' and offers a new and stimulating way to talk about and debate the role and place of men in our society and in our response to this epidemic.
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