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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. School feeding in Ghana. Investment case: cost-benefit analysis report

    The Ghana Cost Benefit Analysis was conducted to bring to the attention of government and other stakeholders in school feeding, the investment returns that school feeding yields, and to see school feeding not just as a cost, but as an investment in the Ghana’s human capital and the economy at large. The contribution of school feeding to improving human capital cannot be underestimated; therefore, school feeding should remain a priority for all successive government. This should be supported by legislation. …

  2. The entertaining way to behavioral change: Fighting HIV with MTV

    This paper tests the effectiveness of an entertainment education television series, MTV Shuga, aimed at providing information and changing attitudes and behaviors related to HIV/AIDS. Using a simple model, the paper shows that “edutainment” can work through an individual or a social channel. This study is a randomized controlled trial conducted in urban Nigeria, where young viewers were exposed to MTV Shuga or a placebo television series. …

  3. Stepping up school-based food and nutrition education: Exploring challenges, finding solutions and building partnerships

    Schools are an ideal setting for creating synergies to address malnutrition and contribute to sustainable development, in that they are able to impact education, health, food security and nutrition simultaneously through various access points and opportunities. The natural linkages between nutrition and education are widely recognized and supported by evidence. Despite this, nutrition education, one of the most direct linkages and globally recommended strategies to foster better diets and food choices, has historically been underfunded and undermined by most sectors. …

  4. School as a system to improve nutrition: a new statement for school-based food and nutrition interventions

    This discussion paper shows that schools offer a unique opportunity to improve nutrition using a systemic, multi-sectoral approach. Social, health, economic and ethic arguments coalesce in and around schools. Looking at schools as a (food system) to improve nutrition offers insights into what interventions to implement and combine to ensure the best possible nutrition outcomes for children in schools, their families and their communities, both now and in future.

  5. Parent’s knowledge, aptitudes and practices (KAP) towards comprehensive sexuality education in secondary school in Rwanda

    In Rwanda, Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) has been subsumed in the new Competence Based Curriculum (CBC) as one of the essential cross cutting components. The aim of the school based CSE is to equip children with knowledge, skills and values in an age appropriate and culturally gender sensitive manner so as to enable them to make responsible choices about their sexual and social relationships, explain and clarify feelings, values and attitudes, as well as to promote and sustain risk reducing behavior (Rwanda Education Board, 2015). …

  6. National strategy for the reduction of adolescent pregnancy and child marriage 2018-2022

    The National Strategy for the Reduction of Adolescent Pregnancy and Child Marriage (2018-2022) was developed to guide the prioritisation of all evidence-based adolescent pregnancy and child marriage reduction interventions in the country during this period.

  7. Home-grown school feeding resource framework

    The resource framework has been developed for use by programme practitioners, policy-makers, development partners, governments, civil society and community-based organizations and the private sector. It builds on policy directions from a 2009 publication4 and capitalizes on lessons from experience with WFP-supported and other programmes and related knowledge products. …

  8. Using podcasts to deliver youth-friendly information about sexual and reproductive health and rights in Burundi

    We live in a digital age where, for many of us, all the information we need is just a click away. In Burundi, as in the rest of the world, young people are often the most active users of information communication technology (ICT). Frontline AIDS saw an opportunity to use ICT to provide adolescents with both SRHR information and safe spaces to engage with their peers and experts. Whilst ‘ICT for health’ is a frequent topic among HIV and SRHR organisations in Burundi, using ICT to improve access to youth-friendly and comprehensive HIV and SRHR information was something new.

  9. Parent engagement: Strategies for involving parents in school health

    This publication defines and describes parent engagement and identifies specific strategies and actions that schools can take to increase parent engagement in schools’ health promotion activities. The audiences for this publication include school administrators, teachers, support staff, parents, and others interested in promoting parent engagement. Each of these audiences has different but important roles and responsibilities related to garnering support for, and implementing, these strategies and actions.

  10. Tackling the taboo: sexuality and gender-transformative programmes to end child, early and forced mariage and unions

    This report captures promising gendertransformative work taking place in politically and culturally conservative contexts, including programmes led by grassroots organisations. The findings are meant to be used: 1) as a learning tool for programme implementers, 2) to present gaps and opportunities for future research, and 3) as a tool for advocates to open dialogue with leaders and policymakers about how programming designed to address CEFMU can advance girls’ and women’s greater sexual agency, bodily autonomy, freedom and dignity.

  11. Youth participation in HIV and sexual and reproductive health decision-making, policies, programmes: perspectives from the field

    The purpose of this article was to present the current state of evidence and experience of youth participation approaches in HIV and sexual and reproductive health decision-making, policies and programmes. By combining a literature review of evaluation evidence with in-depth interviews and a global survey targeting young people with the experience of participation, this study opens a new window into the support needs for meaningful youth participation globally. …

  12. The association between being currently in school and HIV prevalence among young women in nine eastern and southern African countries

    Interventions to keep adolescent girls and young women in school, or support their return to school, are hypothesised to also reduce HIV risk. Such interventions are included in the DREAMS combination package of evidence-based interventions. Although there is evidence of reduced risky sexual behaviours, the impact on HIV incidence is unclear. We used nationally representative surveys to investigate the association between being in school and HIV prevalence.

  13. Effectiveness of a community based intervention to delay early marriage, early pregnancy and improve school retention among adolescents in India

    Child marriage is being increasingly recognized globally as a fundamental violation of human rights. Child marriages occur globally in varying degrees across countries and regions. South Asia alone accounted for almost half of the total number of child marriages that have occurred globally. Early marriage can lead to serious ramifications such as school drop-out, early pregnancy, maternal morbidity and mortality. …

  14. Regional overview of national school food and nutrition programmes in Africa

    School feeding programmes are recognized as a key part of food assistance and relief in emergency and development programmes. They are principally concerned with transfer of food to school to alleviate hunger, meet daily consumption needs and encourage attendance and retention. Home-Grown School Feeding programmes (HGSF) in particular have received attention in recent years because of the links to agricultural development and have therefore been widely viewed as a means to address food insecurity while promoting rural development goals in Africa. …

  15. Why teach sexuality education in school ? Teacher discretion in implementing comprehensive sexuality education in rural Zambia

    Reproductive health problems such as HIV, unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion among adolescents are closely linked to insufficient knowledge about sexuality and reproduction and lack of access to contraceptives. Supported by international agencies, Zambia has introduced an ambitious nation-wide program for comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) to be implemented into ordinary school activities by teachers. The curriculum is firmly based in a discourse of sexual and reproductive rights, not commonly found in the public debate on sexuality in Zambia. …

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