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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Development of a relief teacher strategy to mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in the education sector. Desk review report

    The terms of reference (TOR) calling for the development of a relief teacher strategy to mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in the education sector indicate that “Namibia’s teachers are at a relatively high risk of HIV infection. Projections suggest that in 2002, around one in seven (teachers) were HIV-infected (Abt Report, 2002, p.vi). The report further indicates that teacher losses averaged 1.5% between 2000 and 2002, with higher rates (2%) reported in the country’s northern parts. …

  2. Accessing the ‘right’ kinds of material and symbolic capital: the role of cash transfers in reducing adolescent school absence and risky behaviour in South Africa

    This article investigates how well South Africa’s Child Support Grant (CSG) responds to the material and psychosocial needs of adolescents, and the resultant effects on schooling and risky behaviour. One driver of schooling decisions is shame related to poverty and the ‘social cost’ of school, where a premium must often be paid for fashionable clothes or accessories. The other driver relates to symbolic and consumptive capital gained through engaging in sexual exchange relationships. The anticipated impacts from the CSG are partial because of these non-material drivers of adolescent choices. …

  3. Guidelines for development and implementation of institutional HIV and AIDS policies

    These Guidelines aim to provide practical assistance to any higher education institution that wishes to embark on a process for the development/review and implementation of institutional policies and programmes on HIV and AIDS. It also provides guidance on how to establish an effective M&E system to support implementation of institutional policies and programmes. There are 5 sections, each of which provide broad actions, steps and a checklist to guide the development/review and implementation of institutional HIV and AIDS policies and programmes.

  4. HIV and AIDS. Its impact on education and an analysis of the implementation of the Kenyan education sector policy on HIV and AIDS

    The aim of this study, undertaken at the request of the Kenyan Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MoEST), was to describe and analyse the impact of HIV and AIDS on the education sector in Kenya, and provide a situational analysis of the implementation of the Kenyan Education Sector Policy on HIV and AIDS (2004). It aimed to provide empirical evidence on how HIV and AIDS have affected the education sector in Kenya, and to identify gaps in research and programme interventions. …

  5. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the rights of the child to education

    Strengthening the rights of the child is a priority area for SADC-EU cooperation. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the SADC countries places many of these rights in jeopardy, among them the right to education.

  6. The impact of HIV/AIDS on schooling in Zambia

    Zambia is currently experiencing one of the worst HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world, one result being that between one-third and one-quarter of the children aged below 15 have lost one or both parents. The high rate of orphanhood and the demographic, economic and social effects of HIV/AIDS work synergistically to affect education in various ways. Demand is reduced. Supply and the resource base are jeopardised. A large section of the potential clientele for schooling is forced into activities that are not compatible with regular school attendance. …

  7. The impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the attainment of basic education in Kenya

    We invesitigated the impact of HIV/AIDS on athe attainment of basic education in Kenya. The following policy-related questions were addressed: What are the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on education-performance indicators (e.g. rates of enrollment, dropping out, absenteeism, grade-level/course repetition, and transition) in primary and secondary schools? Does HIV/AIDS affect teacher attrition (retirements, deaths, illness, and absenteeism) in Kenya? What policies and strategies has the government implemented in the education sector to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic? …

  8. Young people we care! Making a difference in our community

    This book is designed by the NGO "Young people we care" to encourage and help groups of young people to support younger children, their peers and adults who are living in communities and households affected by AIDS. It was published in 2005 in Zimbabwe. It can also be used by organisations that want to encourage young people to support their home-based care activities or organisations assisting children affected by AIDS. Young people we care is for use by any group of young people aged 15-24 years. …

  9. Courage and hope: stories from teachers living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    It is estimated that there are currently around 122,000 teachers in sub- Saharan Africa who are living with HIV, the vast majority of whom have not sought testing and do not know their HIV status. Stigma remains the greatest challenge and the major barrier to accessing and providing assistance to these teachers. The personal experiences from the 12 teachers presented in this book offer first-hand accounts of the difficult, and sometimes debilitating, challenges faced by teachers living with HIV. …

  10. L'impact du SIDA sur l'offre et la demande scolaires en Afrique Sub-Saharienne

    De manière schématique, le secteur de l'éducation se trouve affecté verticalement par la diminution de la qualité et de la quantité de l'enseignement offertes, étant donné que les enseignants affectés ou infectés assurent difficilement une offre efficiente ; de manière transversale, l'effet du sida sur la demande scolaire se traduit par une baisse sensible du nombre d'enfants scolarisés et même celui des enfants scolarisables. L'objet de cet article est d'analyser pour l'ensemble des pays au sud du Sahara, l'impact du sida sur l'offre et la demande scolaires. …

  11. Teacher shocks and student learning: evidence from Zambia

    A large literature examines the link between shocks to households and the educational attainment of children.We use new data to estimate the impact of shocks to teachers on student learning in Mathematics and English. Using absenteeism in the 30 days preceding the survey as a measure of these shocks we find large impacts: A 5-percent increase in the teacher's absence rate reduces learning by 4 to 8 percent of average gains over the year. …

  12. Current issues in the economics of HIV/AIDS

    This slideshow presents the scale of the epidemic in Africa, by describing the dynamics and the effects on the demography. The second part describes a case study in Kwazulu natal province, on the impacts of HIV/AIDS on Education (enrolment, absenteeism, loss of educators...).

  13. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Lesotho: the case of the National University of Lesotho

    HIV/AIDS is having a devastating impact on the health and livelihoods of Basotho. The country is estimated to have the third highest infection rate in Sub-Saharan Africa, with increasing numbers of HIV/AIDS orphans. The National University of Lesotho (NUL) can play an important role in combating the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS. It is the only university in the country and as such educates the future leaders and policy makers of the nation. It is also a major producer of research knowledge. …

  14. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  15. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Uganda: Study 2. Examining the impact of HIV/AIDS on governance in the education sector

    Despite the evident effects of the epidemic on the education sector, there has been no systematic research to look at its impact on education governance in Uganda, in terms of the performance of the descriptive and prescriptive roles of the different actors in the sector. There is still a paucity of data that quantitatively and qualitatively describe and analyse the impact of HIV/AIDS on education sector governance in respect to staff attrition, absenteeism, expenditure, financial planning, human resource planning and management. …

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