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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Accessing the ‘right’ kinds of material and symbolic capital: the role of cash transfers in reducing adolescent school absence and risky behaviour in South Africa

    This article investigates how well South Africa’s Child Support Grant (CSG) responds to the material and psychosocial needs of adolescents, and the resultant effects on schooling and risky behaviour. One driver of schooling decisions is shame related to poverty and the ‘social cost’ of school, where a premium must often be paid for fashionable clothes or accessories. The other driver relates to symbolic and consumptive capital gained through engaging in sexual exchange relationships. The anticipated impacts from the CSG are partial because of these non-material drivers of adolescent choices. …

  2. HIV and AIDS. Its impact on education and an analysis of the implementation of the Kenyan education sector policy on HIV and AIDS

    The aim of this study, undertaken at the request of the Kenyan Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MoEST), was to describe and analyse the impact of HIV and AIDS on the education sector in Kenya, and provide a situational analysis of the implementation of the Kenyan Education Sector Policy on HIV and AIDS (2004). It aimed to provide empirical evidence on how HIV and AIDS have affected the education sector in Kenya, and to identify gaps in research and programme interventions. …

  3. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the rights of the child to education

    Strengthening the rights of the child is a priority area for SADC-EU cooperation. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the SADC countries places many of these rights in jeopardy, among them the right to education.

  4. The impact of HIV/AIDS on schooling in Zambia

    Zambia is currently experiencing one of the worst HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world, one result being that between one-third and one-quarter of the children aged below 15 have lost one or both parents. The high rate of orphanhood and the demographic, economic and social effects of HIV/AIDS work synergistically to affect education in various ways. Demand is reduced. Supply and the resource base are jeopardised. A large section of the potential clientele for schooling is forced into activities that are not compatible with regular school attendance. …

  5. The impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the attainment of basic education in Kenya

    We invesitigated the impact of HIV/AIDS on athe attainment of basic education in Kenya. The following policy-related questions were addressed: What are the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on education-performance indicators (e.g. rates of enrollment, dropping out, absenteeism, grade-level/course repetition, and transition) in primary and secondary schools? Does HIV/AIDS affect teacher attrition (retirements, deaths, illness, and absenteeism) in Kenya? What policies and strategies has the government implemented in the education sector to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic? …

  6. L'impact du SIDA sur l'offre et la demande scolaires en Afrique Sub-Saharienne

    De manière schématique, le secteur de l'éducation se trouve affecté verticalement par la diminution de la qualité et de la quantité de l'enseignement offertes, étant donné que les enseignants affectés ou infectés assurent difficilement une offre efficiente ; de manière transversale, l'effet du sida sur la demande scolaire se traduit par une baisse sensible du nombre d'enfants scolarisés et même celui des enfants scolarisables. L'objet de cet article est d'analyser pour l'ensemble des pays au sud du Sahara, l'impact du sida sur l'offre et la demande scolaires. …

  7. The social demand for schooling in HIV/AIDS affected populations in Tanzania: summary results from a field survey

    This paper justifies and explores the results of a social demand survey for primary school enrolment in Tanzania. This records and analyses the evidence derived from a structured household-based survey in rural and urban school catchments in two regions of the country (Iringa and Dodoma) with children and their guardians which explores the social demand for primary schooling, especially in relation to household poverty indices and changing labour in households affected by prolonged illness and death. …

  8. Reasons for non-attendance of orphans, children from disjointed families who live with both parents: Evidence from questionnaires and children's drawings

    The paper uses a combination of questionnaire data and children's drawings to explore the reasons contributing to temporary and permanent absence from school of orphans, children from disjointed families and children who live with both parents. Particular attention is paid to differences between these three groups of children and between girls and boys. It is shown that the most important reasons for absenteeism are closely related to poverty, and that poverty is not necessarily related to orphanhood. …

  9. Reaching the Poor: The 'cost' of sending children to school: a six country comparative study

    This comparative research study focuses on the main barriers to education for the poorest households in Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia. Although the study set out primarily to look at the burden of education costs on the poorest households very rich data on other barriers to education (e.g. physical access, quality of education, vulnerability, poverty, and health) have been gathered and are discussed. The study looks at what motivates parents to send their children to school (and keep them there) through their perceptions of the quality and value of education. …

  10. Management of HIV/AIDS at the Education District Level in Zimbabwe: The Case for the Collection of Local Indicators

    This report summarizes a workshop to launch a pilot project known as the District Initiative to collect school-based HIV/AIDS indicators enabling ministries and planners assess the needs of the districts more effectively. The workshop was organized to introduce the District AIDS action Committees (DAACS) and the Ministry of Education to develop District Education Management Information System or DEMIS. DEMIS was developed by the University of Natal to allow for the capture of key management information in schools on a monthly basis. …

  11. HIV/AIDS: a threat to educational quality in sub-Saharan Africa. Analytical framework and implications for policy development

    Ce document a été commandé par l'Association pour le Développement de l'éducation en Afrique (ADEA) pour sa biennale (Grand Baie, Maurice, 3-6 décembre 2003). Cette étude entend apporter aux décideurs chargés de l'éducation en Afrique subsaharienne, ainsi qu'à leurs partenaires, un cadre analytique d'appui pour évaluer l'impact du sida sur la qualité de l'éducation. L'intérêt pratique de ce cadre réside dans les orientations qu'il propose pour la fixation des priorités de la politique éducative et l'élaboration de stratégies de planification visant à renforcer les initiatives nationales en direction des objectifs d'éducation pour tous. Les données d'impact du VIH/sida sur l'éducation réunies à ce jour restent encore limitées et trop souvent empiriques. Elles permettent néanmoins de dégager un certain nombre d'implications pour les futures politiques - mais cela ne remplacera pas une recherche plus systématique, indispensable. L'auteur estime que le thème de la qualité de l'éducation parfaitement approprié à l'élaboration de réponses politiques au VIH/sida dans le secteur de l'éducation, dans la mesure où ces réponses doivent être holistiques et diversifiées, afin de tenir compte des facteurs complexes qui interviennent dans la concrétisation d'une éducation de qualité. Les recherches ciblées sur un seul facteur - comme le déploiement des enseignants ou les programmes scolaires - ne suffiront pas à protéger le secteur de l'éducation des atteintes de l'épidémie. Toute tentative de prévention et d'atténuation de l'impact du VIH/sida sur le secteur de l'éducation doit, par essence, être intégrée dans les stratégies de promotion et de protection de la qualité de l'éducation. attainment, attendance

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