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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Trends in the burden of orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe: evidence from national household surveys, 1994-2006

    This study assesses trends in the prevalence and status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) based on data from 2005-06, 1999, and 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS). The study examines four categories of OVC - orphans, fostered children, children in households with no adults age 18-59, and children in households with chronic illness or recent death due to chronic illness. …

  2. Impact of HIV and AIDS in the Education Sector: Management Challenge

    After a brief overview of the situation of HIV/AIDS in the education sector in Malawi, the document aims to present the government response to HIV/AIDS: involvement of local communities, development and implementation of the HIV and AIDS strategy and plan of action in the education sector, mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS, research activities to assess impact of HIV and AIDS in the education sector, collaboration with other stakeholders, strenghtening policies and legal framework of HIV and AIDS, awareness and extracurricula activities as well as recommendations.

  3. Estimates of the Impact of HIV and teacher ART take-up on the Education Sector and the achievement of EFA in Kenya

    An analysis was carried out to indirectly estimate the imapct of HIV on the education sector in Kenyan provinces using the Ed-SIDA model which uses teacher demographic information and combines this with epidemiological projections to determine the number of teachers who are living with HIV, their AIDS absenteeism and associated mortality. The main results were that HIV prevalence among Kenyan teachers can be expected to be high, 15%, due to teachers belonging to vulnerable age groups. …

  4. The leadership role of the principal in dealing with the impact of HIV/AIDS in South African schools

    This study was conducted regarding the perceived problem, of the impact of HIV/AIDS on education management and the self-actualization of teachers and learners and the role of the principal in managing it. It is inclusive of the impact of HIV/AIDS on learner's and teacher absenteeism; and poor discipline, sexual and substance abuse, gender inequality and the spread of HIV/AIDS in schools; the increasing numbers of AIDS orphans and HIV/AIDS-dirupted learners which impact on quality school management. …

  5. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  6. The impact of HIV/AIDS on formal schooling in Uganda

    This study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector was part of a three country study (Uganda, Malawi and Botswana) and had three broad aims: To assess the strategies being used to educate students about HIV/AIDS in schools To assess the impact on students as orphans, caregivers and those infected with HIV. To assess the impact on teachers as educators and employees.

  7. Reasons for non-attendance of orphans, children from disjointed families who live with both parents: Evidence from questionnaires and children's drawings

    The paper uses a combination of questionnaire data and children's drawings to explore the reasons contributing to temporary and permanent absence from school of orphans, children from disjointed families and children who live with both parents. Particular attention is paid to differences between these three groups of children and between girls and boys. It is shown that the most important reasons for absenteeism are closely related to poverty, and that poverty is not necessarily related to orphanhood. …

  8. HIV/AIDS: a threat to educational quality in sub-Saharan Africa. Analytical framework and implications for policy development

    Ce document a été commandé par l'Association pour le Développement de l'éducation en Afrique (ADEA) pour sa biennale (Grand Baie, Maurice, 3-6 décembre 2003). Cette étude entend apporter aux décideurs chargés de l'éducation en Afrique subsaharienne, ainsi qu'à leurs partenaires, un cadre analytique d'appui pour évaluer l'impact du sida sur la qualité de l'éducation. L'intérêt pratique de ce cadre réside dans les orientations qu'il propose pour la fixation des priorités de la politique éducative et l'élaboration de stratégies de planification visant à renforcer les initiatives nationales en direction des objectifs d'éducation pour tous. Les données d'impact du VIH/sida sur l'éducation réunies à ce jour restent encore limitées et trop souvent empiriques. Elles permettent néanmoins de dégager un certain nombre d'implications pour les futures politiques - mais cela ne remplacera pas une recherche plus systématique, indispensable. L'auteur estime que le thème de la qualité de l'éducation parfaitement approprié à l'élaboration de réponses politiques au VIH/sida dans le secteur de l'éducation, dans la mesure où ces réponses doivent être holistiques et diversifiées, afin de tenir compte des facteurs complexes qui interviennent dans la concrétisation d'une éducation de qualité. Les recherches ciblées sur un seul facteur - comme le déploiement des enseignants ou les programmes scolaires - ne suffiront pas à protéger le secteur de l'éducation des atteintes de l'épidémie. Toute tentative de prévention et d'atténuation de l'impact du VIH/sida sur le secteur de l'éducation doit, par essence, être intégrée dans les stratégies de promotion et de protection de la qualité de l'éducation. attainment, attendance

  9. Etude des impacts socioéconomiques du VIH/SIDA sur le secteur éducation au Tchad

    Cette étude a pour objet d'analyser les impacts socioéconomiques du VIH/SIDA sur le secteur éducation. Ainsi, après l'analyse de la vulnérabilité du secteur éducation, le cadre institutionnel mis en place et la réponse apportée par le secteur ont été passés en revue. Puis le cadre conceptuel de l'analyse des impacts socioéconomiques du VIH/SIDA sur le secteur éducation a été élaboré sous l'angle « impacts quantitatifs » et « impacts qualitatifs » que le VIH/SIDA pourrait avoir sur le secteur. …

  10. Develop an HIV and AIDS plan for your school. A guide for school governing bodies and management teams

    This book has been written as a guide for schools to help them to think about and manage the problems that HIV and AIDS bring. The book can help schools and their communities to use the national policy on HIV and AIDS and education to take local action. The book will encourage everyone - school governing bodies, managers, educators and parents to think, plan and act to protect and strengthen schools against the impact of the epidemic.

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