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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Accessing the ‘right’ kinds of material and symbolic capital: the role of cash transfers in reducing adolescent school absence and risky behaviour in South Africa

    This article investigates how well South Africa’s Child Support Grant (CSG) responds to the material and psychosocial needs of adolescents, and the resultant effects on schooling and risky behaviour. One driver of schooling decisions is shame related to poverty and the ‘social cost’ of school, where a premium must often be paid for fashionable clothes or accessories. The other driver relates to symbolic and consumptive capital gained through engaging in sexual exchange relationships. The anticipated impacts from the CSG are partial because of these non-material drivers of adolescent choices. …

  2. Guidelines for development and implementation of institutional HIV and AIDS policies

    These Guidelines aim to provide practical assistance to any higher education institution that wishes to embark on a process for the development/review and implementation of institutional policies and programmes on HIV and AIDS. It also provides guidance on how to establish an effective M&E system to support implementation of institutional policies and programmes. There are 5 sections, each of which provide broad actions, steps and a checklist to guide the development/review and implementation of institutional HIV and AIDS policies and programmes.

  3. Systems for Managing HIV and AIDS in Schools in Diverse Contexts

    South Africa is currently experiencing one of the most severe AIDS epidemics in the world with more than five million (or an estimated 11%) of the population living with HIV. For each person living with HIV, the impact is felt not only by the infected person, but it also impacts the lives of their families, friends and wider communities, significantly multiplying the effect. The aim of this project is to support schools to best manage the health and social needs of vulnerable children and educators infected and affected by HIV and AIDS. …

  4. A possible future of HIV and AIDS management in the school education sector in South Africa

    In South Africa HIV and Aids threaten the world of education if one only looks at prevalence rates. Approximately 5,41 million people in the country are living with HIV and Aids, of whom 257900 are children up to the age of 14. In a survey done by HSRC and the MRC about the health of South Africa's educators it was determined that the HIV prevalence among this group, across provinces age groups, gender and race, is about 12,7%. …

  5. Pregnancy-related school dropout and prior school performance in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family planning", special issue on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive health in sub-Saharan Africa, published in December 2008. This study uses data from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa to examine the factors associated with schoolgirl pregnancy and subsequent educational pathways. …

  6. The leadership role of the principal in dealing with the impact of HIV/AIDS in South African schools

    This study was conducted regarding the perceived problem, of the impact of HIV/AIDS on education management and the self-actualization of teachers and learners and the role of the principal in managing it. It is inclusive of the impact of HIV/AIDS on learner's and teacher absenteeism; and poor discipline, sexual and substance abuse, gender inequality and the spread of HIV/AIDS in schools; the increasing numbers of AIDS orphans and HIV/AIDS-dirupted learners which impact on quality school management. …

  7. Current issues in the economics of HIV/AIDS

    This slideshow presents the scale of the epidemic in Africa, by describing the dynamics and the effects on the demography. The second part describes a case study in Kwazulu natal province, on the impacts of HIV/AIDS on Education (enrolment, absenteeism, loss of educators...).

  8. The health of our educators: A focus on HIV/AIDS in South African public schools

    The evidence presented in this report shows that the health of our educators is a source of concern because the prevalence of HIV is high. The determinants are multiple: behavioural, knowledge deficit, lack of self-efficacy skills, migratory practices, gender, and alcohol misuse. Chronic conditions such as hypertension, stomach ulcers, arthritis and diabetes are common. The report also shows that our country is likely to lose a very high proportion of educators due to job dissatisfaction, job stress and low morale. …

  9. Educator Attrition and Mortality in South Africa. A study into gross educator attrition rates and trends, including analysis of the causes of these by age and gender, in the public schools system in South Africa 1997/8-2003/4.

    This report provides the first overview of education attrition and mortality trends not reliant on estimates, models or projections, but on primary data contained in government registers. As such there was no sampling frame and no statistical deduction in terms of attrition - only analysis of hard data.The aim of the study is to estimate gross educator attrition rates and trends, including an analysis of the causes of these by age and gender, in the public schools system in South Africa. The magnitude and dimensions of educaor attrition and its components, including mortality were examined.

  10. Develop an HIV and AIDS plan for your school. A guide for school governing bodies and management teams

    This book has been written as a guide for schools to help them to think about and manage the problems that HIV and AIDS bring. The book can help schools and their communities to use the national policy on HIV and AIDS and education to take local action. The book will encourage everyone - school governing bodies, managers, educators and parents to think, plan and act to protect and strengthen schools against the impact of the epidemic.

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