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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. AIDS-related parental loss: does the age when the trauma occurs matter?

    The purpose of this paper is to use data from the Kagera region of northwestern Tanzania to investigate the long run impact of the timing of parental death on the education outcomes. …

  2. The leadership role of the principal in dealing with the impact of HIV/AIDS in South African schools

    This study was conducted regarding the perceived problem, of the impact of HIV/AIDS on education management and the self-actualization of teachers and learners and the role of the principal in managing it. It is inclusive of the impact of HIV/AIDS on learner's and teacher absenteeism; and poor discipline, sexual and substance abuse, gender inequality and the spread of HIV/AIDS in schools; the increasing numbers of AIDS orphans and HIV/AIDS-dirupted learners which impact on quality school management. …

  3. L'impact du SIDA sur l'offre et la demande scolaires en Afrique Sub-Saharienne

    De manière schématique, le secteur de l'éducation se trouve affecté verticalement par la diminution de la qualité et de la quantité de l'enseignement offertes, étant donné que les enseignants affectés ou infectés assurent difficilement une offre efficiente ; de manière transversale, l'effet du sida sur la demande scolaire se traduit par une baisse sensible du nombre d'enfants scolarisés et même celui des enfants scolarisables. L'objet de cet article est d'analyser pour l'ensemble des pays au sud du Sahara, l'impact du sida sur l'offre et la demande scolaires. …

  4. Teacher shocks and student learning: evidence from Zambia

    A large literature examines the link between shocks to households and the educational attainment of children.We use new data to estimate the impact of shocks to teachers on student learning in Mathematics and English. Using absenteeism in the 30 days preceding the survey as a measure of these shocks we find large impacts: A 5-percent increase in the teacher's absence rate reduces learning by 4 to 8 percent of average gains over the year. …

  5. Current issues in the economics of HIV/AIDS

    This slideshow presents the scale of the epidemic in Africa, by describing the dynamics and the effects on the demography. The second part describes a case study in Kwazulu natal province, on the impacts of HIV/AIDS on Education (enrolment, absenteeism, loss of educators...).

  6. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Lesotho: the case of the National University of Lesotho

    HIV/AIDS is having a devastating impact on the health and livelihoods of Basotho. The country is estimated to have the third highest infection rate in Sub-Saharan Africa, with increasing numbers of HIV/AIDS orphans. The National University of Lesotho (NUL) can play an important role in combating the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS. It is the only university in the country and as such educates the future leaders and policy makers of the nation. It is also a major producer of research knowledge. …

  7. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  8. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Uganda: Study 2. Examining the impact of HIV/AIDS on governance in the education sector

    Despite the evident effects of the epidemic on the education sector, there has been no systematic research to look at its impact on education governance in Uganda, in terms of the performance of the descriptive and prescriptive roles of the different actors in the sector. There is still a paucity of data that quantitatively and qualitatively describe and analyse the impact of HIV/AIDS on education sector governance in respect to staff attrition, absenteeism, expenditure, financial planning, human resource planning and management. …

  9. The impact of HIV/AIDS on formal schooling in Uganda

    This study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector was part of a three country study (Uganda, Malawi and Botswana) and had three broad aims: To assess the strategies being used to educate students about HIV/AIDS in schools To assess the impact on students as orphans, caregivers and those infected with HIV. To assess the impact on teachers as educators and employees.

  10. The health of our educators: A focus on HIV/AIDS in South African public schools

    The evidence presented in this report shows that the health of our educators is a source of concern because the prevalence of HIV is high. The determinants are multiple: behavioural, knowledge deficit, lack of self-efficacy skills, migratory practices, gender, and alcohol misuse. Chronic conditions such as hypertension, stomach ulcers, arthritis and diabetes are common. The report also shows that our country is likely to lose a very high proportion of educators due to job dissatisfaction, job stress and low morale. …

  11. The social demand for schooling in HIV/AIDS affected populations in Tanzania: summary results from a field survey

    This paper justifies and explores the results of a social demand survey for primary school enrolment in Tanzania. This records and analyses the evidence derived from a structured household-based survey in rural and urban school catchments in two regions of the country (Iringa and Dodoma) with children and their guardians which explores the social demand for primary schooling, especially in relation to household poverty indices and changing labour in households affected by prolonged illness and death. …

  12. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector in Malawi: Study 2. Examining the impact of HIV/AIDS on governance in the education sector

    IIEP and its partner ministries of education launched the collaborative action research programme was launched in 2003. This initiative is designed to contribute to mitigation and prevention of the impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in three countries - Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. The focus of the research activities is essentially needs assessment. This, in turn, will help to prioritize options for the development of policy, training and other measures to enable the education sector to strengthen its internal capacity in two critical areas. …

  13. Teacher supply, recruitment and retention in six Anglophone sub-Saharan African countries. A report on a survey conducted by Education International in The Gambia, Kenya, Lesotho, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia

    The purpose of this survey was to investigate teacher supply, teacher attrition, teacher remuneration and motivation, teacher absenteeism and union involvement in policy development in six Anglophone African countries. These are: The Gambia, Kenya, Lesotho, Tanzania Uganda and Zambia. The survey data or information was collected by means of a questionnaire and through country visits (interviews and discussion groups) and document analysis. …

  14. Teacher absences in an HIV and AIDS context: evidence from nine schools in Kavango and Caprivi (Namibia)

    With the high prevalence of HIV and AIDS in Namibia, teacher absenteeism is becoming a pressing issue for the country's education system, particularly in the areas most affected by the epidemic. This study examines how some schools in the hardest hit areas are managing the problem. Due to the complexity of the issue, the research was conducted using qualitative methodology, requiring in-depth observations and interviews. …

  15. Teacher Service Commissions and the challenges of HIV and AIDS

    In March 2003, personnel from education ministries in the four countries in the UNESCO-Nairobi cluster grouping (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda) met for the first cluster consultation on HIV, AIDS and education. There was general consensus at the meeting that Ministries of Education need to pay greater attention to issues of management, care and support, coordination, and protecting the overall quality of education. …

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