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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Education, HIV, and early fertility: experimental evidence from Kenya

    A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls’ dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The government’s HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. …

  2. Education, HIV, and early fertility: experimental evidence from Kenya

    We provide experimental evidence on the relationships between education, HIV/AIDS education, risky behavior and early fertility in Kenya. We exploit randomly assigned variation in the cost of schooling and in exposure to the national HIV/AIDS prevention curriculum for a cohort of over 19,000 adolescents in Western Kenya, originally aged 13.5 on average. We collected data on the schooling, marriage, and fertility out-comes of these students over 7 years, and tested them for HIV and Herpes (HSV2) after 7 years. …

  3. Community-level successes and challenges to implementing adolescent sex education programs

    Best practices for adolescent sex education recommend science-based approaches. However, little is known about the capacity and needs of organizations who implement sex education programs on the local level. The purpose of this research was to describe successes and challenges of community organizations in implementing science-based sex education. Using qualitative methods, we interviewed program directors and educators in 17 state funded adolescent pregnancy prevention/sex education programs as part of a larger mixed methods evaluation. …

  4. Sex education: access and impact on sexual behaviour of young people

    Throughout the world, many adolescent reproductive health professionals, schools, clinics and other youth serving organizations have developed and implemented a wide variety of sex and STI/HIV education programs to reduce unintended pregnancy and STIs among young people. Some of these programs are based on a written curriculum and are implemented with groups of young people. These programs are particularly well designed to be implemented in schools, where they can potentially reach large numbers of youth. …

  5. Do teenagers respond to HIV risk information? Evidence from a field experiment in Kenya

    We use a randomized experiment to test whether and what information changes teenagers' sexual behavior in Kenya. Providing information on the relative risk of HIV infection by partner's age led to a 28 percent decrease in teen pregnancy, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. Self-reported sexual behavior data suggests substitution away from older (riskier) partners and toward same-age partners. In contrast, the official abstinence-only HIV curriculum had no impact on teen pregnancy. …

  6. Becoming a responsible teen adaptation kit. Tools and resources for making informed adaptations to BART: Becoming a responsible teen

    Although the primary goal of Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART) is to decrease HIV infection among African-American adolescents ages 14 to 18, the curriculum also includes topics and activities relevant to teen pregnancy prevention. Teens learn to clarify their own values about sexual decisions and pressures, as well as practice skills to reduce sexual risk taking. These skills include correct condom use, assertive communication, refusal techniques, self-management and problem solving. Abstinence is woven throughout the curriculum and is discussed as the best way to prevent HIV and pregnancy. …

  7. Discovering the potential of girl guides: 12 peer education sessions

    The Kenya Girl Guides Association implements an integrated program on Life Skills and Peer Education in schools. Adult Guide Leaders conduct Life Skills sessions with Guides in Girl Guide Units in each participating school. Over the three terms or trimesters, 24 hours of sessions are held on 12 topics. The sessions help Girl Guides to learn about and explore the topics for themselves. Each Guide Unit has about 50 Girl Guides and four Patrol Leaders - an informed and sizeable group that can reach the rest of the school in a positive way. …

  8. Discovering the potential of girl guides in schools: a life skills curriculum for guide leaders

    From 1999 to 2006, Kenya Girl Guides Association received support from Family Health International (FHI) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to integrate HIV and AIDS prevention into more than 700 Guide Units in three regions: Coast, Rift Valley, and Western. From 2006 to 2009, KGGA will improve the Guide programme in the existing 366 schools and expand to more than 900 new schools (mostly at the primary level) in Coast and Rift Valley provinces, with support from FHI through the AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance (APHIA II) Program. …

  9. Health and family life education: teacher's guide

    This "Health and Family Life Education" curriculum was developed by Gerard Drakes, Mavis Fuller, Christopher Graham and Barbara Jenkins, in coordination with a number of different official partners of Caribbean countries, as well as UNICEF, UNESCO and the Education Development Center Inc (EDC). The manual was published in 2011. The main goal of this Curriculum is to help lower secondary students in acquiring skills necessary to cope with the challenges facing Caribbean societies nowadays, to make healthy life choices, assisting them in developing proper attitudes, morals and values. …

  10. Girls Shape the Future Study: Findings and Lessons Learned from an Effort to Assess the Effectiveness of the Girls Incorporated Will Power/Won't Power Program

    This report presents findings from the Girls Shape the Future study, which was designed to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of the Girls Incorporated Will Power/Won't Power curriculum developed to reduce sexual intercourse, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections among teenage girls. The study used two primary methods: an experimental design to assess the effectiveness of the program on outcomes relating to the curriculum model, and an analysis of program implementation to understand whether girls randomly assigned to participate received the intended intervention.

  11. Abstinence only vs. comprehensive sex education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence?

    Abstinence Only vs. Comprehensive Sex Education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence? is a document focusing on the impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex education programs established in United States. Indeed, the United States still has the highest rates of STIs and teen pregnancy of any industrialized nation. Since President Bush, the Congress tends to promotes abstinence-only approach that will likely have serious unintended consequences by denying young people access to the information they need to protect themselves. …

  12. Not Yet: Programs to delay first sex among teens

    Not Yet: Programs to Delay First Sex Among Teens is part of the National Campaign's "Putting What Works to Work" project, an effort to publish and disseminate the latest research on teen pregnancy in straightforward, easy-to-understand language and provide clear implications for policy, programs, and parents. It provides detailed descriptions of teen pregnancy prevention programme that have been shown through careful research to have delayed sexual initiation for teens. …

  13. Curricula Review of Emergency Plan Centrally-Funded HIV Prevention Programs for Youth

    In an effort to mitigate the spread of HIV in developing nations, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports HIV prevention programs that emphasize abstinence and be faithful for youth (ABY) among a broader array of prevention interventions. The focus of this report is on multi-country, multi-year PEPFAR ABY programs implemented by 14 nongovernmental and faith-based organizations that were awarded a total of $100 million in central funding by the U.S. Agency for International Development's Office of HIV/AIDS at the beginning of PEPFAR. …

  14. Learning about living: the electronic version of FLHE. North Nigeria, version 1.1. Teachers manual 2009

    This document introduces the electronic version of Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (FLHE), based on the Nigerian FLHE curriculum. The programme combines an e-learning environment for computers including One Laptop per Child (OLPC) and Classmate with a mobile phone service. This combination of digital tools, content formats and student-centred learning can be harnessed for learning and communicating about many topics. The programme is designed to work on any regular computer or the OLPC and Classmate computers. …

  15. Safer choices: preventing HIV, other STD and pregnancy

    This is an in-school HIV, STI and pregnancy prevention programme targeting high-school students. It aims to help young people delay sex initiation and, if they have sex, to use condoms and minimise the number of sexual partners. An important feature of Safer Choices is its school-wide approach. The programme is not limited to an in-class curriculum but also involves teachers, parents, community members and students through a peer leader component. …

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