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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Education, HIV, and early fertility: experimental evidence from Kenya

    A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls’ dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The government’s HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. …

  2. Education, HIV, and early fertility: experimental evidence from Kenya

    We provide experimental evidence on the relationships between education, HIV/AIDS education, risky behavior and early fertility in Kenya. We exploit randomly assigned variation in the cost of schooling and in exposure to the national HIV/AIDS prevention curriculum for a cohort of over 19,000 adolescents in Western Kenya, originally aged 13.5 on average. We collected data on the schooling, marriage, and fertility out-comes of these students over 7 years, and tested them for HIV and Herpes (HSV2) after 7 years. …

  3. Do teenagers respond to HIV risk information? Evidence from a field experiment in Kenya

    We use a randomized experiment to test whether and what information changes teenagers' sexual behavior in Kenya. Providing information on the relative risk of HIV infection by partner's age led to a 28 percent decrease in teen pregnancy, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. Self-reported sexual behavior data suggests substitution away from older (riskier) partners and toward same-age partners. In contrast, the official abstinence-only HIV curriculum had no impact on teen pregnancy. …

  4. Discovering the potential of girl guides: 12 peer education sessions

    The Kenya Girl Guides Association implements an integrated program on Life Skills and Peer Education in schools. Adult Guide Leaders conduct Life Skills sessions with Guides in Girl Guide Units in each participating school. Over the three terms or trimesters, 24 hours of sessions are held on 12 topics. The sessions help Girl Guides to learn about and explore the topics for themselves. Each Guide Unit has about 50 Girl Guides and four Patrol Leaders - an informed and sizeable group that can reach the rest of the school in a positive way. …

  5. Discovering the potential of girl guides in schools: a life skills curriculum for guide leaders

    From 1999 to 2006, Kenya Girl Guides Association received support from Family Health International (FHI) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to integrate HIV and AIDS prevention into more than 700 Guide Units in three regions: Coast, Rift Valley, and Western. From 2006 to 2009, KGGA will improve the Guide programme in the existing 366 schools and expand to more than 900 new schools (mostly at the primary level) in Coast and Rift Valley provinces, with support from FHI through the AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance (APHIA II) Program. …

  6. Health and family life education: teacher's guide

    This "Health and Family Life Education" curriculum was developed by Gerard Drakes, Mavis Fuller, Christopher Graham and Barbara Jenkins, in coordination with a number of different official partners of Caribbean countries, as well as UNICEF, UNESCO and the Education Development Center Inc (EDC). The manual was published in 2011. The main goal of this Curriculum is to help lower secondary students in acquiring skills necessary to cope with the challenges facing Caribbean societies nowadays, to make healthy life choices, assisting them in developing proper attitudes, morals and values. …

  7. Girls Shape the Future Study: Findings and Lessons Learned from an Effort to Assess the Effectiveness of the Girls Incorporated Will Power/Won't Power Program

    This report presents findings from the Girls Shape the Future study, which was designed to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of the Girls Incorporated Will Power/Won't Power curriculum developed to reduce sexual intercourse, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections among teenage girls. The study used two primary methods: an experimental design to assess the effectiveness of the program on outcomes relating to the curriculum model, and an analysis of program implementation to understand whether girls randomly assigned to participate received the intended intervention.

  8. Curricula Review of Emergency Plan Centrally-Funded HIV Prevention Programs for Youth

    In an effort to mitigate the spread of HIV in developing nations, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports HIV prevention programs that emphasize abstinence and be faithful for youth (ABY) among a broader array of prevention interventions. The focus of this report is on multi-country, multi-year PEPFAR ABY programs implemented by 14 nongovernmental and faith-based organizations that were awarded a total of $100 million in central funding by the U.S. Agency for International Development's Office of HIV/AIDS at the beginning of PEPFAR. …

  9. Learning about living: the electronic version of FLHE. North Nigeria, version 1.1. Teachers manual 2009

    This document introduces the electronic version of Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (FLHE), based on the Nigerian FLHE curriculum. The programme combines an e-learning environment for computers including One Laptop per Child (OLPC) and Classmate with a mobile phone service. This combination of digital tools, content formats and student-centred learning can be harnessed for learning and communicating about many topics. The programme is designed to work on any regular computer or the OLPC and Classmate computers. …

  10. Safer choices: preventing HIV, other STD and pregnancy

    This is an in-school HIV, STI and pregnancy prevention programme targeting high-school students. It aims to help young people delay sex initiation and, if they have sex, to use condoms and minimise the number of sexual partners. An important feature of Safer Choices is its school-wide approach. The programme is not limited to an in-class curriculum but also involves teachers, parents, community members and students through a peer leader component. …

  11. Draw the line/respect the line: setting limits to prevent HIV, STD and pregnancy. Grade 8

    This publication is focused on providing students with the skills to define their own sexual limits and to have these limits respected in case of pressure. These "healthy sexual limits" are intended to help keep young people safe from HIV, STIs and pregnancy. The programme is divided into 19 one-hour sessions distributed over three grade levels (Grades 6, 7 and 8) and is designed for in-school use either by a school-teacher or an outside educator. It is especially targeted at Latino students, but has nee used with students of all races/ethnicities. …

  12. Draw the line/respect the line: setting limits to prevent HIV, STD and pregnancy. Grade 7

    This publication is focused on providing students with the skills to define their own sexual limits and to have these limits respected in case of pressure. These "healthy sexual limits" are intended to help keep young people safe from HIV, STIs and pregnancy. The programme is divided into 19 one-hour sessions distributed over three grade levels (Grades 6, 7 and 8) and is designed for in-school use either by a school-teacher or an outside educator. It is especially targeted at Latino students, but has nee used with students of all races/ethnicities. …

  13. Draw the line/respect the line: setting limits to prevent HIV, STD and pregnancy. Grade 6

    This publication is focused on providing students with the skills to define their own sexual limits and to have these limits respected in case of pressure. These "healthy sexual limits" are intended to help keep young people safe from HIV, STIs and pregnancy. The programme is divided into 19 one-hour sessions distributed over three grade levels (Grades 6, 7 and 8) and is designed for in-school use either by a school-teacher or an outside educator. It is especially targeted at Latino students, but has nee used with students of all races/ethnicities. …

  14. Focus on youth: an HIV prevention program for African-American youth

    This is an HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) and teen pregnancy prevention programme targeting African-American youth between the ages of 12 and 15. First developed for recreation centres, it has been adapted to school settings. It is the updated version of the Focus on kids curriculum first developed in the 1990s. This curriculum has been thoroughly reviewed and evaluated and has been successfully exported to different cultural settings such as the Bahamas, China, Namibia and Viet Nam. …

  15. Making proud choices! A safer-sex approach to HIV/STDs and teen pregnancy prevention

    This is an eight hour curriculum mainly targeted at minority young people between the ages of 11 and 13. It is divided into eight modules featuring interactive activities such as games, role-play, brainstorming and videos. Developed by a team of experts from the University of Pennsylvania, it is recommended by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This curriculum promotes sexual abstinence as the most effective way to prevent STIs, HIV and teenage pregnancy, but it also places emphasis on safer sex practices and condom use. …

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